Who will take the giant leap for Vomankind?
More than 50 years after the Apollo program, NASA plans to return to the Moon at 2024 as a "proving ground" to test the next generation of spacecraft ahead of a eventual crewed mission to Mars.
The new program is called Artemis after Apollo's twin sister in Greek mythology, and the site agency said the mission would see the first woman straying the lunar surface.
So, who will she be? No one knows for sure, but it is a likely bet the candidate will be selected from the NASA's current list of 12 female astronauts.
They are aged between 40 and 53, and are former military pilots, medical doctors and scientists selected from thousands of applicants since the late 1990s.
Predicting who will touch nil armstrong in the analysis of history is not an accuracy science, but some former astronauts and experts interviewed by AFP say the term's proximity means there probably won't be a new recruit.
"Now personally, I'm the one with the airplane rookie flying to the moon," the former astronaut Eileen Collins, who flew and charged Space Shuttles in the 1990s and 2000s, told AFP.
"But if you have enough astronauts that have flown, they know how to react.
"Some go up there and they have symptoms that may interfere with their ability to do it. But you don't know who it is."
May bunksox, a central officer at NASA, agreed. "I think it would be better to send people who have at least one flight," he told AFP.
That lens will be easier than ever before because there have never been so many women astronauts.
When NASA was first established in 1958, it was recruited only by the military, which was at the time exclusively male.
All 12 moonwalers between 1969 and 1972 were men, and it wasn't until 1983 that Sally speech was the first American woman sent to space.
Scientists and soldiers
The four women of the 21th class of Astronauts, recruited in 2013, present a good mix of youth and experience. Meanwhile, between the ages of 40 and 41, they will all have made their first place foray between now and 2020.
An ex-army helicopter pilot, McKinney, will be attending the International Space Station (ISS) until the end of June.
Well spoken, with a self-assured gaze and a light smile, she embodies the ineffable "right stuff" of Nasa early recats.
Also in the ISS is Christina Koch, an engineer and pioneer mountain climber. She will soon hit the record for the longest time a woman was in prison, in 11 months.
Back in March, the couple almost went first, all-female room walking, but a lack of proper fitting speysut ment moccaine had to give her room for her male college nich hagu.
"I think Christina Koch or Anne McKelin would be my two top picks," said Janet Ivy, the presenter of a children's show on site and a governor of the National Space Society.
But their two female colleagues of the same class, Jessica Mayor, specialized in penguins and geese marine biologists, and former F / 18 Fighter Pilot Nicole Man who flew in Iraq and Afghanistan, are also highly qualified.
They are both in the middle of their training to go to the ISS.
In an interview of 2016, all four of them are ready to go to Mars if they have the opportunity. It's hard to imagine they turned down a trip to the moon.
There is no upper age limit for space. The iconic John Glen made his final flight at the age of 77 as a US citizen. There. Senator.
There's nothing then to exclude the highly experienced Sunita Williams, who is preparing for her third space mission and will be 58 in 2024.
Especially since NASA has long "appreciated the leadership skills that come along with test pilots," said Romninger, the former head of the astronaut office 2002-2006.
"Suni," as she is known, piloted about thirty different aircraft in her military career.
Two other women, Serena Aunon-Chancellor and Kate Rubins, have also been flowing to the site recently.
The other five have not flown since 2010 but remain on active duty.
There are five women in the 2017 package, but they have yet to complete their initial training.
They never ruled out, but the calendar is not on their side, especially since NASA tends to cycle to Astronauts once their order has been set, the former astronaut Michael Lopez-Aleria spent 20 years with the agency.
When it comes down to the latest call, though, the process "is fairly opaque," he was a candidate.
In Houston, particularly astronaut will be abundant to build a team whose profiles will be complementary, a mix of ex-military and scientific backgrounds, and of different personalities.
The mission forces a four-member crew, two of whom go the moon. Why don't you have two women?
NASA dubs 2024 Moon mission & # 39; Artemis, & # 39; asks for $ 1.6 trillion
© 2019 AFP
Womankind's Giant Jump: Who will be the first female moonwalker? (2019, June 15)
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