According to the Space Policy Directive -1 – released on December 11, 2017 – NASA is busy developing all the necessary hardware to return astronauts to the moon. March 26, 2019, NASA officially directed to accelerate the process and land the first astronauts from the post-Apollo era around the Lunar South Pole by 2024. This mission was named Project Artemis, the twin sister of Apollo in Greek mythology. .
Over the weekend, Vice President Mike Pence visited the Nile Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at the NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida to remind the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing. The occasion saw the unveiling of the Orion crew capsule used for the first Artemis lunar mission. The event, therefore, served as both a retrospective and a view of the future of lunar exploration.
The ceremony was also attended by NASA Administrator Jim Bradford, Apollo 11 Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin, and Rick Armstrong – the son of Apollo 11 Commander Neil Armstrong. The eventual event of the historic Launch Complex 39 was launched with WP Pence, Aldrine and Armstrong at the event, with the Apollo 11 mission emerging 50 years ago.
Fatally, NASA engineers have completed the Orion Crew module, which will host the first return mission to the Moon just in time for the commemorative event. It consisted of the underlying structure known as the print ship, which was manufactured in the Michoud Assembly Facility of NASA in New Orleans and shipped to Kennedy.
Once there, teams have integrated thousands of parts and systems into the module and completed tests to confirm that all their systems are ready for spaceflight. The European Service Module (ESM), which will provide power and propagation for the Orion, was contributed by the European Space Agency (ESA) and was also ready in time for the anniversary.
The ESM was manufactured by Airbus in Germany, Germany, and was shipped to Kennedy in November 2018 for final assembly and integration. Engineers at Kennedy have begun to integrate these two modules while other teams are busy with power and fluid lines to complete hardware attachment. As Vice President Pensen said in the unveiling:
"Thanks to the hard work of the men and women of NASA, and of American industry, the Orion crew vehicle for the Artemis 1 mission is complete and ready to start preparations for its historic first flight."
The Apollo program was initiated in 1961 and culminated in 1972 with six crew missions to the moon, demonstrating the ability to put people on another celestial body and safely returning to Earth. And now, fifty years later, the goal is to get to the moon on a sustainable road and to build the infrastructure that will give the next giant leap – send the first astronauts to Mars.
Meanwhile, the Design Calls for the Completed Space Launch System (SLS) launch the Orion Capsule on an unrecovered test flight that will take it around the moon. The mission, formerly known as Exploration Mission -1 or EM-1 (now Diana 1) Is expected to occur next year or in 2021 and will test the capsule and its systems.
It will also pave the way for Artemis 2, Where a crew of Orion will conduct another floppy of the moon (which is planned to take place in 2022). Until 2024, Diana 3 Will bring a crew of four astronauts to the South-Pole Aitken basin on the lunar surface. As Administrator of Brentstone said during the event:
"Similar to the 1960s, we also had an opportunity to take a giant leap forward for the whole of the human race. President Trump and Vice President Pens gave us a big direction to return to the moon in 2024 and then move on to Mars. They are backing their vision with the budget requests to achieve this objective, NASA calling this Artemis program in honor of Apollo's twin sister in Greek mythology, the goddess of the moon, and we are well on the road .
When the two Orion modules are joined, the next step is to integrate the Hicheld boxshell panel and prepare it for a September test flight. This will involve the agency's Super Gupi aircraft at the NASA plum brook station in Ohio, which will fully assemble the Orion to space to ensure it is able to withstand the conditions and space conditions.
Once the testing is complete, the Orion Spacecraft will return to the Kennedy Space Center for final processing and inspection. It will then be fueled and shipped to Kennedy's Vehicle Assembly Building for its latest integration with the SLS rocket. After all, the only thing left is to launch the spacecraft on its voyage to Sislot Space.
For starters, some experts have pointed out that the term 2024 for the first crew mission to the surface is unrealistic. The recent commitment of the White House of $ 1.6 billion in an amendment to its 2020 budget to Congress was described as Administrator Bridenstine as "a downplay on NASA's efforts to land humans on the moon in 2024."
In short, funding is only part of what the agency seeks to make Artemis happen, and Congress still needs to approve it.
Secondly, according to an older NASA spaceflight site, Pushback was from White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) about the ongoing funding of the Lunar Gateway. While the OMB is of the opinion that the gateway is not needed and the release of it would be the streamline project, it is intriguing to the Nasa design to create a sustainable human presence on the moon.
Although no one can deny the monumental achievement that the Apollo program represents, NASA is hoping to do more than a "boots and flags" this time around. The key to this is to build an orbiting dwelling which allows spacecraft to be shot and a reusable lunar lander to move astronauts to and from the surface.
Thirdly, the TRAM administration expressed its estimates over the course of the SLS. In June, NASA reported that four-fifths of the rocket's massive heart stage had completed its construction and that it was two-thirds of its way to joining the liquid hydrogen fuel tank to the upper part of the core stage.
Last, but not least, it was the latest news from the two long-time NASA demos. It was none other than William Gerstein-Mayer and William Hill, the Associate Administrator, and a Deputy Associate Administrator of NASA's Human Exploitation and Operations. Gerstonen's demo was particularly surprising because he spent the last 14 years as head of Heo and served Nasa since 1977.
Both men have been translated into Special Assistance Offices under the Deputy Administrator of the Bridensteine (Jim Morhard), and Steve Jürzyk's Administrator at NASA. This arguably pounding move was for many as an attempt to whip the agency to be moving faster and was also keeping Pens's remarks in March about the five-year term.
"[I]To achieve this, NASA must transform itself into a slender, more responsible, and agile organization, ”he said. "If NASA is not currently capable of landing American astronauts on the moon in five years, we need to change the organization, not the mission."
Nevertheless, NASA makes significant strides with its plan to return to the moon and stay there. And even though 2024 may be delays in sending human crews to the surface, NASA is still on track to make a presence on the moon at the end of the next decade.
Whether there is more funding, more time, or more flexible administration at his deadlines, we can rest assured that NASA will return to the moon soon enough. When they are there, they can start planning the next big leap, landing the first astronauts on Mars!
Read more: NASA