The key to unloading Africa's economic potential is its Power Supply



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If one had to take a single key to unloading African's economic potential, including job creation, access to knowledge, agriculture and industrial transformation, the power supply would be high on that list.

According to a 2016 study, approximately 43 percent of sub-Saharan Africa's population – up to 600 million people& Nbsp; – Live without access to electricity. While most of the population lives in rural areas, city dwellers also face access projects; In fact, electricity only reaches a third of the suburban Saharan population. And this lack of power is & nbsp;Growing economic growth, As well as hiding improvements in health and education.

Connecting African cities, cities and towns is the next step in giving greater weight to development. Support the power infrastructure that would create the environment, however, creating significant projects, with inadequate infrastructure, which makes the expansion of green networks financially and logically inflexible for many countries. When your roads are nothing more than dirt tracks, how do you build and provide what is needed for a power grid?

Although national, centralized grids may be too expensive an option for some governmental, Projections& Nbsp; Seeing the entire continent's power generation at a rate of 70 percent by 2040, bringing electricity and power to 800 million more people. Connection to a grid will change daily lives for hundreds of millions.

So, what technologies will achieve this level of electrification? For maximized impact, the future of power generation technology in Africa lies in a mix of traditional power plants, some small size for individual households in remote areas and mini-groves that work in the village level. What's more, they'll all work differently. Combining central plants and local grids will keep this demand going – and help people access the power they need.

Creating Reliable Grids

The majority of power generated in Africa still relies on fossil fuels, along the hydro-electric power of the dams, to boost energy generation. As continental transformation increases and industry results continue to grow, residents will see greater access to on-grid power. But even where power is available, service can often be unreliable, and daily outcomes are commonplace.

In fact, about five out of nine African countries experienced regular power shortages and blackouts, costing their economies on average two percent of their GDP, according to the & nbsp;Africa Progress Panel. And a fresh & nbsp;Release & nbsp;Through the Center for Global Development (CGD), which studies energy demand in 12 African countries, found that at least one of the population suffered electrical outages at least once a day between those with access to grid electricity.

When the central grid is unreliable, it means that the greedy and mini grid solutions, such as generator sets, become the essential technologies that enable people to meet their basic needs. Even in urbanized areas, grid networks are usually very developed, mini and off-grid options are integral to everyday life. For example, in Nigeria, the CGD study showed that on-grid users in urban areas rely on generators more heavily than those with rural power (51% and 43%, respectively).

To meet Africa's growing energy needs, these solutions, which are inexpensive and quick to install, are already filling the gaps behind on-grid systems.

Get Off-The-Grid Power in Rural Communities

In many parts of Southern Africa, petroleum is the most common energy source for cooking and electricity. But that fuel gives off toxic smoke that is harmful to human health and the environment. It also produces poor lighting, is expensive to buy and may be a major cause of fires.

Fortunately, there are now modern, high quality rugged lighting and energy products on the market that offer real, sustainable alternatives to petroleum – mini farms and solar home systems.

Solar Home Typically Includes Solar Panels And A Battery That Supports Power Sockets, Mobile Adapters, And Light Bulbs. As the name gives, home work in a domestic scale and are very affordable.

Solar kit investments have begun to boom, providing a simple way for companies to enter the market in Africa with limited risk. Initiatives such as & nbsp;Beyond the grid, From the United States International Development Agency's Africa-based program, part of the wave, with the organization encouraging future power-up access.

This growth creates positive results; According to a 2018 & nbsp;Report& Nbsp; By ReutersAt least 11 power companies that provide solar home kits have moved to West Africa, with most making a noticeable impact since 2016. Speaking of development, off-grid providers have already been& Nbsp; new development banks"As they give customers small loans to connect their households to the new systems. The provider can use the repayment records of each customer to make individual credit scores, allowing them access to power upgrades and further loan options for other household or commercial appliances." In other words, getting a household connected now plugs them into the world for the foreseeable future.

Mini grids – another decentralization tactic

Off-grid solutions are on the rise, but with increasing demand for energy-intensive appliances, especially telephones and refrigerators, the small size of off-grid products cannot serve every need.

This means that it is an emerging role for mini grids, which use a mix of renewable resources such as solar, biomass or onshore wind turbines, as well as audio generators.& Nbsp; Mini grids& Nbsp; They are built in a village scale and require less capital investment. Most importantly, they provide more power than off-grid systems, allowing rural areas to use machinery and equipment to enhance their productivity.

Compared to expansions from a national grid, mini grid options are a much faster and cheaper option. They can also bolster national grids without eliminating them, instead providing power during interruptions.

Resilience in delicacy, dependability for years

In 2015, two of Algeria's major generating plants suffered power outages in the holy month of Ramadan. It was crucial to restore electricity to the population as quickly as possible. The Algerian state energy company turned to & nbsp;Pv Power Systems, Part of the Mitsubishi Heavy Industry Group, for an emergency solution.

Four mobile gas turbine units, providing 30 MW each, are completed, commissioned and brought online in less than three weeks, and are still running to date. Using natural gas as its fuel, mobile gas turbines also produce significantly fewer emissions than diesel generator sets, pushing power generation closer to the needed energy transition from the coming decades.

This example of Algeria shows as mini grids can be used to increase the resilience of existing electricity systems. When power cuts hit, businesses and households of all sizes can be affected, and restoring services is not always easy. Mini Grids, as one in Algeria, ensures consumers have constant access to power.

Future Expansions

The flexibility of power provided by mini-grids will be critical to expanding power access. Most mini grids in Africa are powered by diesel or hydropower systems. No system is perfect; Diesel systems are at the mercy of fuel-supply disruptions and price fluctuations; Renewable energy generation relies on weather and seasonal patterns, as consistent storage solutions are still in early stages. To stay as reliable as possible, mini-machines can be built as hybrid systems, combining solar or wind power to reduce risks.

While significant investment is pouring into small off-grid systems, such as solar home kits, the fact is that both grid electricity and off-grid solutions are currently inadequate to meet many African consumers' modern energy requirements. Mini Grids finally fill that gap as helpers, rather than competitors, into off-grid solutions.

Ultimately, the emergence of mini-grids shows that both on-off and off-grid electricity can bring power-related social and economic benefits to millions of people across the continent. By combining technology across different infrastructure platforms, the future for power generation in Africa looks bright.

Originally appeared on Oxford prospectus

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If one had to take a single key to unloading African's economic potential, including job creation, access to knowledge, agriculture and industrial transformation, the power supply would be high on that list.

According to a 2016 study, approximately 43 percent of sub-Saharan Africa's population – up to 600 million people – live without access to electricity. While most of the population lives in rural areas, city dwellers also face access projects; In fact, electricity only reaches a third of the suburban Saharan population. And this lack of power is Growing economic growth, As well as hiding improvements in health and education.

Connecting African cities, cities and towns is the next step in giving greater weight to development. Support the power infrastructure that would create the environment, however, creating significant projects, with inadequate infrastructure, which makes the expansion of green networks financially and logically inflexible for many countries. When your roads are nothing more than dirt tracks, how do you build and provide what is needed for a power grid?

Although national, centralized grids may be too expensive an option for some governmental, Projections Seeing the entire continent's electrification at a rate of 70 percent by 2040, bringing electricity and power to 800 million more people. Connection to a grid will change daily lives for hundreds of millions.

So, what technologies will achieve this level of electrification? For maximized impact, the future of power generation technology in Africa lies in a mix of traditional power plants, some small size for individual households in remote areas and mini-groves that work in the village level. What's more, they'll all work differently. Combining central plants and local grids will keep this demand going – and help people access the power they need.

Creating Reliable Grids

The majority of power generated in Africa still relies on fossil fuels, along the hydro-electric power of the dams, to boost energy generation. As continental transformation increases and industry results continue to grow, residents will see greater access to on-grid power. But even where power is available, service can often be unreliable, and daily outcomes are commonplace.

In fact, about five out of nine African countries experience regular power shortages and blackouts, costing their economies on average two percent of their GDP, according to Africa Progress Panel. And a fresh one Report Through the Center for Global Development (CGD), which studies energy demand in 12 African countries, found that at least one of the population suffered electrical outages at least once a day between those with access to grid electricity.

When the central grid is unreliable, it means that the greedy and mini grid solutions, such as generator sets, become the essential technologies that enable people to meet their basic needs. Even in urbanized areas, grid networks are usually very developed, mini and off-grid options are integral to everyday life. For example, in Nigeria, the CGD study showed that on-grid users in urban areas rely on generators more heavily than those with rural power (51% and 43%, respectively).

To meet Africa's growing energy needs, these solutions, which are inexpensive and quick to install, are already filling the gaps behind on-grid systems.

Get Off-The-Grid Power in Rural Communities

In many parts of Southern Africa, petroleum is the most common energy source for cooking and electricity. But that fuel gives off toxic smoke that is harmful to human health and the environment. It also produces poor lighting, is expensive to buy and may be a major cause of fires.

Fortunately, there are now modern, high quality rugged lighting and energy products on the market that offer real, sustainable alternatives to petroleum – mini farms and solar home systems.

Solar Home Typically Includes Solar Panels And A Battery That Supports Power Sockets, Mobile Adapters, And Light Bulbs. As the name gives, home work in a domestic scale and are very affordable.

Solar kit investments have begun to boom, providing a simple way for companies to enter the market in Africa with limited risk. Such initiatives Beyond the grid, From the United States International Development Agency's Africa-based program, part of the wave, with the organization encouraging future power-up access.

This growth creates positive results; According to 2018 Report By ReutersAt least 11 power companies that provide solar home kits have moved to West Africa, with most making a noticeable impact since 2016. Speaking of development, off-grid providers have already been New development banks"As they give customers small loans to connect their households to the new systems. The provider can use the repayment records of each customer to make individual credit scores, allowing them access to power upgrades and further loan options for other household or commercial appliances." In other words, getting a household connected now plugs them into the world for the foreseeable future.

Mini grids – another decentralization tactic

Off-grid solutions are on the rise, but with increasing demand for energy-intensive appliances, especially phones and refrigerators, the small size of off-grid products cannot serve every need.

This means that it is an emerging role for mini grids, which use a mix of renewable resources such as solar, biomass or onshore wind turbines, as well as audio generators. Mini grids They are built in a village scale and require less capital investment. Most importantly, they provide more power than off-grid systems, allowing rural areas to use machinery and equipment to enhance their productivity.

Compared to expansions from a national grid, mini grid options are a much faster and cheaper option. They can also bolster national grids without eliminating them, instead providing power during interruptions.

Resilience in delicacy, dependability for years

In 2015, two of Algeria's major generating plants suffered power outages in the holy month of Ramadan. It was crucial to restore electricity to the population as quickly as possible. The Algerian state energy company is to Pv Power Systems, Part of the Mitsubishi Heavy Industry Group, for an emergency solution.

Four mobile gas turbine units, providing 30 MW each, are completed, commissioned and brought online in less than three weeks, and are still running to date. ניצן נאַטירלעך גאַז ווי זייַן ברענוואַרג, די רירעוודיק גאַז טערביינז אויך פּראָדוצירן באטייטיק ווייניקערע ימישאַנז ווי דיעסעל גענעראַטאָר שטעלן סאַלושאַנז, פּושינג מאַכט דור נעענטער צו די דארף ענערגיע יבערגאַנג פון די קומענדיק דעקאַדעס.

דעם בייַשפּיל פון אַלדזשיריאַ ווייזט ווי מיני גרידס קענען זיין געניצט צו פאַרגרעסערן די ריזיליאַנס פון יגזיסטינג עלעקטרע סיסטעמס. ווען מאַכט קאַץ שלאָגן, געשעפטן און כאַוסכאָולדז פון אַלע סיזעס קענען זיין אַפעקטאַד, און ריסטאָרינג סערוויסעס געשווינד איז ניט שטענדיק גרינג. מיני גראָדס, ווי איינער אין אַלדזשיריאַ אינסטאַלירן, ענשור קאָנסומערס האָבן קעסיידערדיק צוטריט צו מאַכט.

Future Expansions

די בייגיקייַט פון מאַכט צוגעשטעלט דורך מיני גרידס וועט זיין קריטיש צו יקספּאַנדינג מאַכט צוטריט. רובֿ מיני גרידס אין אפריקע זענען Powered דורך דיעסעל אָדער כיידראָופּאַורס סיסטעמען. קיין סיסטעם איז גאנץ; דיעסעל סיסטעמען זענען אין די רחמנות פון ברענוואַרג-צושטעלן דיסראַפּשאַנז און פּרייַז פלאַקטשויישאַנז; רינואַבאַל ענערגיע דור נאָך פאַרלאָזנ אויף וועטער און סיזאַנאַל פּאַטערנז, זינט קאָנסיסטענט סטאָרידזש סאַלושאַנז זענען נאָך אין פרי סטאַגעס. צו בלייַבן ווי פאַרלאָזלעך ווי מעגלעך, מיני גראָדס קענען זיין געבויט ווי היבריד סיסטעמס, קאַמביינינג דיעסעל מיט זונ – אָדער ווינט מאַכט צו רעדוצירן די ריסקס.

While significant investment is pouring into small off-grid systems such as solar home kits, the fact is that both grid electricity and off-grid solutions are currently inadequate to meet many African consumers &#39;modern energy requirements. מיני גראָדס לעסאָף פּלאָמבירן אַז ריס ווי העלפּערס, אלא ווי קאָמפּעטיטאָרס, צו אַוועק-גריד סאַלושאַנז.

לעסאָף, די ימערדזשאַנס פון מיני גרידס ווייזט אַז ביידע אויף- און אַוועק-גריד עלעקטרע קענען ברענגען מאַכט-פֿאַרבונדענע סאציאלע און עקאָנאָמיש בענעפיץ צו מיליאַנז פון מענטשן אַריבער די קאָנטינענט אין די קומענדיק יאָרן. דורך קאַמביינינג טעכנאָלאָגיע אַריבער פאַרשידענע ינפראַסטראַקטשער פּלאַטפאָרמס, די צוקונפֿט פֿאַר מאַכט דור אין אפריקע קוקט העל.

Originally appeared on אָקספֿאָרד פּראָספּעקט

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