According to the National Health Statistics Committee, the prescription of antibiotics decreased in the number of daily doses per capita. From 2007 to 2017 the reduction was 23 percent. Halland County fell most by 28 percent, while Gotland reduced the recipe by one percent only.
The prescription of antibiotics for children decreased by 43 percent between 2007 and 2017. For people over the age of 80, development is considerably slower, a decline of almost nine percent, according to the National Health Committee. The daily dose is the average amount of medication that the patient needs per day.
The trend is natural statement by Malin Grape, head of the Antibiotic and Public Health Unit.
– The biggest reduction occurred among children. We believe that there has been the most unnecessary recipe, for example against common viral infections. Older people live longer than before, and then become more vulnerable to infections that may need to be treated with antibiotics. For those who really need antibiotics, we do not want to reduce the use, only an unnecessary and irregular prescription.
In its view, there are several reasons for a general reduction.
"Effective work was in district councils, in municipalities and among doctors. We also saw a change in attitude toward the population. If you are aware of the problem, you can not go to the doctor because they expect antibiotics to be printed, which will make it easier for doctors to give up or wait.
Reason for overuse antibiotics have several reasons, says Axana Haggar, a researcher and controversial microbiologist at the National Committee of Health. One of the reasons that have traditionally contributed is the treatment of viruses.
"You should never use antibiotics for viral infections, then nothing happens. In Sweden it has fallen much, probably not so common.
According to Malin Grape, development is progressing, but since resistance is part of bacterial development, it is unlikely to stop altogether.
– Excessive use, which lasted for decades, has increased significantly. Resistant bacteria are preferred because other bacteria die, and then they can share these good properties with these aspects. Bacteria adapt to the environment, he says.
More factors than less Printed recipes play to reduce the use of antibiotics by Axani Haggar.
Everyone must help. Health, food and pharmaceutical industries. But then it is very important to act preventively. We have seen a positive development in the development and compliance with cleanliness rules in hospitals and the like. If you do not get an infection, you do not usually need antibiotics, "she says.
If resistance to antibiotics continues to increase, Malin Grape will have major repercussions.
"Therefore, you can not prevent infections in the way that is needed for advanced medical care, it is very difficult to carry out certain operations or, for example, chemotherapy, then it can be very risky. We already see the consequences of increased morbidity, mortality and costs.
Despite the development It seems difficult, according to Axani Haggar is a bright glue.
"I am positive because we began to talk about this topic, while we put it to the highest international level, it will require that all countries participate in bacteria, they do not feel any limitation.