More than 90 percent of all cases of diabetes in the world are other types of diabetes mellitus, which, according to experts, are particularly affecting the way of life and the environment.
It was once said to be diabetic, but it is already present in children and adolescents. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity," says Zbynek Schroner, deputy president of the Slovak Diabetes Association (SDS). He added that the cause of overweight and obesity in young people poor food with excessive consumption of high-energy foods with low fiber content.
"We are talking about the colonization of a lifestyle," says Schroner. According to him, an important factor is a sedentary lifestyle for children. The incidence of type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. In the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan, we can say a significant increase. In Europe, the second type of diabetes mellitus most commonly occurs in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or in Western European countries, according to Schroner, an increasing number of cases are also taking place in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is still rarely present. "But we are worried that this situation will deteriorate," he says.
The basis of prevention and treatment are not medication, but non-pharmacological measures, e.g. Healthy diet and exercise. "A big role is played because parents lead children to a proper life. For children it is very important to have fun, so a good choice is not exercised on a bike, but for example skating, dancing or dogging " says Schroner. However, it adds that for diabetes it is important that the whole society is.
"Genes permit a different type of diabetes, but they fail," says Viera Doničová from the SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus is not a sufficient condition for the occurrence of the disease. "In the past, risk factors are important, such as the frequency of diabetes in a direct family relationship or elevated blood sugar in the past. An increased risk is also present in women who have previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past or in the past " added Doničová.
Patients with a defined risk factor should be tested once a year. It is advisable to test the blood sugar level every three years in patients who do not have a risk factor. Under the Diabetes Prevention Program of 2002, people who have raised their blood sugar levels have reduced the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared to patients who did not have an active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says SDK Katarina Rašlová. It also considers it important to increase people's awareness of a healthy diet.