The active substances derived from fish oil help to reduce the risk of death due to cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes. This conclusion was made by American scientists who carried out two major studies. Science Alert is reported about it.
In the first study, called REDUCE-IT, more than eight thousand people took ethyl-eicosapentaenoic acid (ethyl-EPA) or placebo. Ethyl EPA is a fatty acid derivative of omega-3-unsaturated fatty acid found in fish oil. It is used to reduce triglycerides, which are considered a factor in the development of atherosclerosis. The results showed that people who have problems with the cardiovascular system take ethyl-eicosapentaenoic acid, but they are less dying due to seizures and strokes.
In another study, VITAL involved 26,000 people, some of whom received one gram of medication per day, which contained both eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Omega-3-unsaturated fatty acids have been shown to reduce the risk of heart attacks by 28 percent. In addition, scientists have shown that vitamin D does not affect the likelihood of developing cancer or heart problems.