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HIV / AIDS | The six places in the world that are very close to eradicating this epidemic | Technology and Science | Sciences



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Six places in the world have made great strides in eradicating them HIV And may be a model in the fight against this disease Nearly 40 million people in the world, Revealed specialists.

Thailand, Malawi, Rakai (Uganda) Sydney (Australia), London (England) and San Francisco (United States) are the first sites around the world to reach these sites Target 90-90-90 raised by UNAIDS In 2020, according to a report presented during the 10th World Scientific Conference HIV (IAS 2019) in Mexico City, in which experts from 160 countries participate.

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According to the report "Moving progress in success to end the." AIDS epidemic"These cities have achieved, or in some cases, exceeded this program, which includes 90% of diagnosis, 90% of people with HIV are treated and 90% with undetectable viral load.

"The Report shows that it ends with HIV It should not be limited to geographic or demographic aspects, "said Greg Millett, vice president and director of public policy for the American Foundation for AIDS Research (AMPHAR).

Antoni Fooky, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. There "Now we have these tools And the important thing is to make them available to everyone. "

The report highlights the most important actions taken by cities in an effort to eradicate the predominant disease on four axes.

One of them is the HIV test promotion and access campaignsEspecially among the most affected groups.

In addition to ensuring these Free access to treatment after diagnosisExpansion of evidence-based prevention, such as male circumcision, pre-exposure prophylaxis (Prep) And reduction in damage.

In addition, its Public Health policies are based on human rights and social support and programs Combat stigma and discrimination.

Among the venues that have achieved these objectives are Malawi, a country with few resources to achieve 91% of people know their status And are under treatment, thanks to innovation and early childbirth prevention measures.

"We need to eliminate HIV worldwide Not just a great tool for prevention, But strategic investment and public policies"Adeeba Kamarulzaman has been elected president of the International AIDS Society (IAS).

According to specialists, the report will be key in the fight against the disease, especially to be taken as a Model for other cities and countriesn How to succeed in the fight against this condition.

At the conference, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on the efficacy and safety of Dolutegravir, An antiretroviral medication that is more effective, easy to take and with few side effects for patients, including pregnant women and women of reproductive age.

Until a year ago, the use of The drug during pregnancy used to raise doubtsIt has been thought that fecal neural tube defects are generated, in addition to serious brain and spine congenital defects.

However, it is now known that this drug is combined with others antiretrovirals This is certain, and therefore, urged the implementation of this therapy in all countries.

Meg doherty, treatment and care coordinator of the department HIV/ Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Diseases In It, said that now the big challenge will be to make this treatment accessible to the entire population.

In this regard, Deborah L. Birx, the representative of the United States's global health diplomacy, said in regions such as AfricaFor example, about 9 million people require treatment, but the vast majority do not have access to it.

We need to do a better job in sensitive groups. The decision makers have to ensure that Access to treatment"He said.

Jacque Wambui, a member of the Consultative Council of the African Community (Afrocab), said that while developments in treatments are a major milestone for the general and, especially, women's population, "We must always guarantee access to treatment".

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