It may be possible to pass Gonorrha by kissing, challenging and widely accepted thinking that sexually transmitted disease is spread almost exclusively by sexual contact, a new study says.
Researchers in Australia found that kissing with tongue could be a way to transmit oraphonal gonorrhea, or oral gonorrhea, especially among gay and bisexual people. Though the idea is not well-taught, one expert says the findings, Thursday published in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections, may be important for understanding Gonorrhea as it continues to spread and become more resistant to treatment.
Anthony Luths, a nurse practitioner in the field of urology at Columbia University Medical Center, said that although he did not personally see such cases, the suggestion that it may be transmitted mouth to mouth is percolating within the medical community.
"It is a worthwhile topic to continue investigating" so medical practitioners can better shield and treat patients for the disease he said.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoea. It can be transmitted between people who have vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has it, and it can infect the glands, rectum and throat, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
But gonorrhea – even oral gonorrhea – is not considered to be a kissing disease; Rather, public health authorities say oral gonorrhea is contracted by oral sex.
The researchers taught programs of more than 3,000 cheerful and bisexual people in a Melbourne health center about their brief sexual history. Six percent positive positive for oral gonorrhea.
The people noted that they had an average of four kissing-only partners, five kissing-with-sex partners, and one sexual-only partner over the last three months. The researchers found that those with a higher number of kiss-only and kiss-with-sex partners are at greater risk of testing positive for oral gonorrhea, the study said.
"We found that the more individuals kissed, too, put them at an increased risk of having gonorrhea, irrespective of whether or not sex with the kissing. That data challenges the adopted traditional transmission roots of gonorrha for the past 100 years. The penis partner was thought to be the source of neck infection, "Eric Chow, the lead author of the study, wrote in an email to the Washington Post. He added: "We found after we controlled statistically for the number of people bought, that & # 39; the number of people someone had sex with but didn't have the kiss was associated with throat gonorrhea."
Gonorrhea has become a major concern in the number of reported cases of gonorrhea and some other sexually transmitted diseases have risen across the country and public health authorities have been concerned about increasing resistance to treatment. According to the CDC, gonorrhea diagnoses claimed 67% from 2013-2017 in the United States, reached more than 555,000 cases.
Some standards of Gonorrhea have become resistant to most of the antibiotics prescribed by them, according to the CDC.
"We expect Gonorrhea to eventually deliver our latest highly effective antibiotic, and additional treatment options are urgently needed," said Bo Bo, director of the CD's Division of STD Prevention, said last year. "We cannot let our defense down – we must continue to reinforce efforts to rapidly detect and prevent resistance as long as possible."
LUTZ, who taught STIS among men who have sex with other men, said studies on oral-to-oral transmission of oral gonorrhea would be challenging because it is difficult to find people who have kissing partners only – as well as oral Gonorrhea – and who would be willing to discuss it.
It's too hard to prevent transmission, he said.
If the new findings of Australia were true, Lutz said, the idea could initially ensure fear. But because kissing is so common, it can also help distinguish the disease and encourage people to talk about it. In any case, he said, research is vital to help practitioners and their patients fully understand the disease.
Chow, the lead author of the study, said he hopes the new findings will provide better understanding of Gonorrhea.
"By our research, we have shown that gonorrhea can be passed through kissing. This will help people understand how the infection was introduced – especially if they were not sexually active," he wrote in this email.
"We know it is unlikely that people will stop kissing, and our team has already examined the clinical trial of whether or not the daily use of Mathwash can prevent Gonorrhea, if it works, it could be a simple and inexpensive interview for everyone."