3 hours ago
The expression of a world-renowned Palestinian journalist is Samir Kassir in his book "Reflections on the Tragedy of the World of World", written in French in 2003, before he was assassinated a year later. The tragedy of the Arab world is attributed to two reasons: history and geography, and perhaps geography before history, in other words, the source of the Arab world tragedy, according to the acquaintance with the issues of the Arab world. That's what it called the Curse of Geography, the neighborhood with the West.
Islam from the perspective of Christianity, extracted territories belonging to it, in Levant, Egypt and North Africa, and therefore sought to take the crusades to revenge and afterwards and studied Europe, without being cut off from the roots of Christianity by colonialism . The relationship is positive, says Samir Kassir, similar to what he called the hourglass, once filled on one hand until emptied on the other. The Curse of Geography is also a feature. The Arab World is located at the crossroads of three continents. It is the intersection of several civilizations, it is located on the southern shore of the Mediterranean basin, the cradle of the most cosmopolitan civilizations. It is then the largest reservoir of petroleum in the world. Everything has made the Arab world the focus of Greek and Central.
For two centuries, the Arab world has embarked on an international context and not an influx of influences.
This theory, however, has shaken with President Obama or, in particular, during his interview with the Atlantic month in April 2016, showing a change in attitude toward the world of the environment. Under the vision, economic scales are shifted to the Pacific Ocean. Seventy percent of trade is at sea of China, oil is no longer a strategic material, renewable energy can replace oil and coal replaced coal.
But who could argue today that Arabian world has lost her centralism? The tension in the Gulf has been able to transform the Arab world again. The struggle to control sea ports, whether in the strait of hormones or bob el-mandab or in the Red Sea, proves the exit strategy. Tension in the Gulf would raise oil prices and fuel. Central factors are also new transformation, including the emergence of regional powers, fuel tension in the Gulf, a thrill that, if it breaks down, threatens the security and stability of the world. The central world of the Arab world is also linked to the Arab world movement, which seeks to promote the structure of colonialism, to examine the relationship between the ruler and the ruled, and the distribution of wealth, with possible possibilities of no slip. Or failure, and their complications, migration, involve the components of the society that could lead to the outbreak of civil wars, or disintegration or terrorism.
Remain the constant element of what could be called the curse of the Arab world and the influence of an element from the outside, in the term derived from the psychological sciences, ie the imposition of outside rules, which indicates the lack of independence . In other words, the Arab World was more influential than influential.
For two centuries, the Arab world has been affected more by international context than by an influential element. His transformations are not the products of an internal dynamic, as in Japan or China, as they were the product of an external element. Napoleon's Egyptian solutions are the birth of a gift, the context of the First World War and the consequences of the Middle East, including Sykes-Picot, the Balfour Declaration and the establishment of Saudi Arabia. The so-called British-time system, whose consequences are still in place, and which resulted in the reaction of Arab Nationalism. And then the Second World War context, which created two conflict situations, the liberation movement, which enabled the independence of the countries that were a colony, and then the establishment of the state of Israel, which plunged the area into Still going on, depending on their capabilities and impossibility for what some call "Big Pong," or the moment of the biggest explosion.
Without a doubt, the second critical moment or the second big pong, which will be replaced by deep transformations into the existing culture and structure of the Middle East, is the Iranian revolution.
The Arabian world has not yet been withheld from the remnant of the first great bong, the founding of the country of Israel, which has led to the elimination of the right of a people.
The remnants of the second big pong, the fallout of the Iranian revolution, have not been cleared. From the beginning, you have not hidden the dream of exporting the revolution and changing the existing structures in the Middle East, just in the Arab world. As in the psychological sciences, it is possible to get congestion or shock only by returning to the moving station. Only through the realization of the right of Palestinian people, the influence of the "Big Bong" could only be overcome. The second big pong can only be built by building trust between Iran and its neighbors, away from the logic of guardianship or superiority.
The Palestinian cause is not a humanitarian issue for immigrants, and it cannot be reduced to an economic dimension for a population living in poor conditions. The Palestinian cause is a people's issue. It has the right to decide its fate, and no one can decide on it. Iran is an important country in the region, but it cannot be accepted as a will for the region, a dream that has been flowing since its inception.
A third factor may be that basically concerns North Africa, which is the relationship that should be with France. The ambiguous and uncertain nature of France's North Africa relationship between one-hand guardianship and complete rejection of the other does not contribute to normal relations. The historical dimension of these relations cannot be denied, but the colonial model cannot be reproduced in new forms. These are the big stakes to get out of a situation where the Arab world is more affected by events that affect them or what we can call the structural curse, which prevented the owner to be a master of his future, Descartes said.
* Moroccan writer