In October 2008, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported epidemiological surveillance of 13,547 measles cases registered between 12 months from 1 September last year and 31 August this year for 28 countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area (EEA).
For all cases of measles in the last 12 months, all EU and EEA countries have been reported. The most frequently reported is Greece 3171, followed by France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and Great Britain with 1007 cases. During this period, 38 deaths from measles registered in the Member States were also reported, Arja added.
In Latvia, 65 cases of measles were reported during this period, but the diagnosis of "measles" was approved in 23 cases since 18 December last year, including six children.
Arah emphasized that none of the sick children had been vaccinated against measles, but four of them had not been vaccinated. In three cases, children are infected with bites while traveling. In total, nine infections will probably occur outside Latvia, including two foreign residents.
As the SPKC representative points out, measles outbreaks are associated with a reduction in vaccine coverage.
"Science and practice have shown that at least 95% of the population should be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine to prevent measles outbreaks," Arja explained.
She pointed out that measles are a highly contagious disease because the measles virus simply spreads between sensitive individuals through droplets of air and direct contact. The larvae were spread by drops of air and direct contact. The burden can be a very serious illness, as it occurs with severe complications, especially in children younger than five years, adults over 20 years of age, those with immunodeficiency and pregnant women.
The SPCC stressed that the only effective protection against measles is the safe and effective vaccination. A vaccine against measles, rubella and epidemic mumps (MPR) is used for vaccination. The maximum protection requires two doses of the vaccine. Consequently, in Latvia and other countries, the vaccination schedule for children provides for two MPRs. The first child is given a child aged 12 to 15 months, but a seven-year old age is renewed in Latvia.
According to Arge, with special risks of infection, for example when planning a trip with a child to a country affected by measles, and after contact with a measles patient, it is recommended that the first pot be taken before reaching the age specified in the vaccination calendar, i.e. from six years of age. However, repeat and restocking vaccination should be repeated at the age of 12 to 15 months according to the Vaccination Calendar – 7 years of age.
SPKC epidemiologists estimate that vaccination against measles in children is relatively good, so in Latvia there were few years when there was no case of measles.
At the same time, the SPCC invites parents to re-evaluate the child's vaccination status, especially if they travel on an international journey.
Analysis of data on immunization of the SPCC shows that this year, from January to June, immunization against measles, rubella and epidemic mumps increased compared to the same period of 2017. In the first half of this year 98.1% of children received the first MPR shells, 89 , While 5% of children received another.