"2. Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to develop insulin properly. Consequently insulin in the body is inadequate, it may be normal or even elevated, but the use of insulin in cells is disturbed and sugar in the blood remains high. To prevent it by reducing or eliminating sweets from the menu. In order to avoid this disease, it is necessary to provide conditions in which the body can function normally, "explains the pharmacist.
Maintain normal body weight
Normal body weight improves the rational use of insulin in the body. On the other hand, overweight is a major risk factor for the development of diabetes for women and men. As the body becomes fat, the size and number of fat cells increases, making glucose penetration into cells more difficult, which requires rising amounts of insulin – the pancreas can not produce it in the desired amount. With an increased need for insulin, the metabolism changes and the body starts to function incorrectly. The risk of developing diabetes is also found by placing fat in the body. The upper obesity (apple obesity) increases the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus more than the oblique part of the body (pear).
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To prevent diabetes, foods that provide all the necessary nutrients and minerals are valuable but do not encourage excessive accumulation of kilograms. Every meal should be done according to the so-called principle of dish, where the full plate is intended for vegetables. Vegetables must be fresh. If you are preparing salads, then without fat sauce, you can pour them with light olive oil and citrus sauce. ¼ Protein products must be provided with meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, legumes and ¼ edible carbohydrates – for starch products. Good choices are whole wheat products, such as whole grain pasta, brown rice, various pulp and grains.
It is recommended to use only a small amount of healthy (unsaturated) fats, such as olive oil, rapeseed or linseed oil to prepare meals. The best choice for cooking is the oven or cookware, where food can be cooked without excessive fat. Excessive consumption of heavy meat, pastry, pastry, chocolate and other desserts should be avoided. It must be at least 2 liters of water. It is advisable to plan regular meals and avoid misinformation between meals in order to be healthy and balanced.
Consider a sufficient amount of physical activity
A physically active lifestyle is key to success in preventing various health problems, including type 2 diabetes. In particular, they must follow a sufficient amount of physical activity for those who perform office work and often sit in their daily lives. Movements help to reduce weight, but as the person moves more, more muscles consume energy (glucose), which leads to a reduction in sugar. It is important that you have physical activity every day or at least 5 days a week. This does not mean that you have to go to the gym every day, it is optimal to spend 20 minutes in the exercises or take a walk 30-60 minutes.