Endocrinologists of the Children's Clinical University Hospital (BKUS) acknowledge that type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in children too late in Latvia. This is due to the lack of information for parents and the general public. 88.4 percent of children diagnosed with illness are already in serious condition in a children's hospital or diabetic ketoacidosis, reports Vytautas Šteina, a representative of BKUS.
"Every year in Latvia, type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in 75 to 85 children. If the symptoms of the disease were recognized early, the treatment of children would be much easier, less psychologically traumatic, and thus often do not come to life", says dr. Iveta Līte Krīsāne, adding that in advanced countries 50 to 55 per cent of children had diabetic ketoacidosis.
Early symptoms of type 1 diabetes are seen in cases of acute viral illness in a child. "The child feels more tired and wants to sleep more often, more thirsty and more likely to visit the toilet than usual and begin to lose weight. Parents often say that they have taken these symptoms of the effect of the virus and have not been given enough attention. However, these symptoms are should be taken into account in order to timely diagnose Type 1 diabetes and to provide timely assistance to the child, but signs of diabetes may also develop on a healthy background. Parents should be very careful to protect the child from serious health problems, "explains Livita-Krišāne .
If the symptoms are not recognized early, the disease moves to diabetic ketoacidosis, which is expressed as vomiting, abdominal pain, rapid and deep breathing, rapid heartbeat, severe weakness, abnormal consciousness, and coma. If you notice any of these symptoms, call an emergency medical service immediately.
Type 1 diabetes does not cause diabetes, overweight or inactive lifestyle. This can not be avoided and can not be completely welcomed yet. Treatment of the disease is based on substitution of insulin with routine subcutaneous injections or with an insulin pump. The cause of type 1 diabetes mellitus is a specific (autoimmune) immune disorder, which is promoted by genetic predisposition (diabetes in the family), unfavorable environmental conditions, and some viral diseases can contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus in children with genetic predisposition.
In Latvia, generally, type 1 diabetes affects approximately 700 children under the age of 18 and about 95 000 adults. Of this, approximately 650 children under the age of 18 have type 1 diabetes mellitus.
By clarifying the medical hospital of the Clinical Hospital Pauls Stradiņš Yelizaveta Sokolovskaya you can find out which diseases are in patients with diabetes and what to do to avoid them. But this article tells you how to deal with parents with a child who is diagnosed with diabetes.