How to prevent a "respiratory syncytial virus" that endangers infants and young children? – Medical Diary



[의학신문·일간보사=이재원 기자] Autumn, which starts slowly cooling, every year from October to March is the year of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Shin Mi-yong professor, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon University

Infection with respiratory syncytial virus requires careful attention because infectious infections are accompanied by severe cough and dyspnoea. Among them is the proposed pathway and the symptom of the respiratory syncytial virus and how to cope with it.

According to the Department of Disease Control and Prevention (hereinafter referred to as JEONBON), the number of reported cases of respiratory syncytial virus infection in patients with acute respiratory infectious diseases has steadily increased since the first week of October.

In order to prevent the outbreak of the disease, Jolbon called for the thorough prevention and management of respiratory infections in post-natal care centers, newborns and infants and infants.

The number of reported cases of respiratory syncytial virus infection increased to 144 percent from 301 to 209 in Jeonju (42 weeks, 10.14 to 20) and 43 cases (from 10.21 to 27). 61.5% of respondents were 1 and 6 years of age and 33.1% under the age of 0 years, and 94.6% of all cases were infants under 6 years of age.

Respiratory syncytial viruses that only infect humans are contaminated by contact with contaminated objects, such as saliva and sputum, or by direct contact with people who are infected with the virus.

Symptoms begin with a runny nose, fever and cough, and coughing is worse. When it gets worse, breathing becomes worse, dyspnoea and pale cyanosis appear.

Respiratory syncytial virus is the most common cause of bronchiolitis in infants and young children and is most common in the age of 2 to 7 months. Children born to pregnant children, congenital malformations and chronic lung disease are particularly vulnerable to severe illness.

Children under 3 months of age, especially premature babies, should be careful because there may be sudden cyanosis due to attacks on the apnea, although the symptoms are not severe and the respiratory rate is rapidly worsening.

In addition, when coughing a severe and present dyspnoea, when you simply become blind, take special care in feeding and eating food.

The latency period for the respiratory syncytial virus is from 2 to 8 days, which is on average 5 days. Viruses can be released from infected patients for a few days before the onset of major symptoms, and usually the virus is released for about a week.

Respiratory syncytial virus is a highly contagious virus in which approximately half of infants experienced superinfection in any epidemic, and almost all infants are infected more than once by the age of two. However, it is not uncommon for a virus to be taken once, so it is usually re-captured. Repeated infections usually show an easier course than another infection.

There are currently active studies for the development of antivirals, but there are no approved and approved therapeutic agents. Therefore, a viral infection, such as respiratory therapy, is an oxygen treatment and should be treated with the main. Antibiotic therapy is not helpful unless there is evidence of secondary bacterial infection, such as meditating otitis.

No vaccine for prevention. Although manual vaccination can be used as a preventative measure, it is selectively injected selectively for high-risk children, such as children with chronic lung disease or congenital heart disease, premature babies, etc. And they are not used for healthy children.

Professor Shin Mi-yong from the Pediatric and Adolescent Department at Soonchunhyang University Bucheon said: "In order to prevent infections, a thorough hygiene is important and when adults are infected with respiratory syncytial virus. If you have similar symptoms to your child, you should go to the hospital in which you usually visit, and consult with your child, adolescents and specialists and take appropriate action according to your symptoms. "

Jae-won reporter jwl@bosa.co.kr

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