Nowadays, there is a lot of criticism for the “sterile, boring, one-size-fits-all” Formula 1 tracks, but the Bahrain asphalt strip, which will be unveiled over the weekend, is in stark contrast to the trend so far . In connection with this, we have collected the most astonishing lines in the World Cup series.
|Bahrain, 2020: Top outer track|
Nürburgring Nordschleife (1951–1976)
One of the most infamous tracks in the world is the Nordschleife section of the Nürburgring, which to this day attracts thousands every year to try it out. Civilian adventurers also normally break and trample, so we can imagine what it would have been like to drive the F1 cars in the first decade of the series. The amazingly long line of 23 kilometers, designed in the Eiffel Mountains, consists of really pleasant, fast turns, the only problem is that there are virtually no tipping areas next to it, so even the smallest mistake can be fatal due to the proximity of The walls. The extremely well-designed track also claimed more lives in F1, and when world champion Nicki Lauda nearly lost his life on the asphalt strip called Green Hell in 1976, the field for the World Championship series was no longer returned. Other categories still compete there until today, but it has long failed to meet F1 standards.
Monza (1955–1956, 1960–1961)
The legendary Monza track was originally built in the early 1920s to connect parts of the street with a large oval section, but due to initial accidents, this combined 10-kilometer strip of asphalt has not been used for decades. At the dawn of the F1 World Championship series, the field raced on a shorter version similar to today, but the Oval excited the imagination of the locals so much that they re-created the original lineup in a more modern robe with tilted Curves as part of a major renovation. On the amazingly special, self-crossing “mixed” track, a World Cup was held in 1955, 1956, and then in 1960 and 1961, but fate did not haunt fate after the latter’s mass disaster. Although the accident that caused wolf walk of trips and the deaths of 15 spectators, did not happen in the oval section, but the following year returned to the shorter version and no longer used the 10 kilometer version.
|Monza, 1961: Wolfgang von Trips’ car crashes into an audience|
It is long and dangerous
The longest and perhaps craziest track in F1 history was created by connecting the roads near Pescara in the early 1920s, but it is no coincidence that only one World Championship race was on it in 1957. The extreme 25.6-kilometer line is actually As an isosceles triangle that is connected by a more ablated, mountainous section. Due to its design, it was able to achieve a tremendous pace (Peal star Van Manuel Fangio recorded an average speed of over 157 km / h), which led to more deaths in various categories of racing in the first year. Enzo Ferrari was terrified of the safety of his drivers and cars, but he refused to submit the big prize, but the F1 weekend ended without a big accident. The length of the line has also created amazing situations: during the race, Jack Brabham refueled his race car at a public gas station due to dangerous fuel consumption.
Race on the dead bend
Berlin’s “automobile traffic and four road” built in the early 1920s, is abbreviated in German AVUS, one of the oldest controlled motorways in Europe, but it was also used as a racetrack by connecting two adjacent road sections. From 1937 onwards, the northern circle was formed by an infamous, insanely steep, 43-degree tilted bend that soon earned the name “Death Wall”. With no garrison on top, a poorly chosen speed and arc could lead to immediate tragedy. The length of the course is influenced by the location of the south reversing bend, the only in the F1 World Cup race 1959 was a lap of 8,300 meters. The Grand Prix weekend was overshadowed by the fact that Jin Behra flew off the track at a speed of 180 kilometers per hour on the tilted north bend in a tumbling rain sports car race and died a monster. The F1 field did not return.
|AVUS, 1959: Jean Behra’s car flies off the track|
Poor Man’s Silverstone
Encouraged by the positive example of Silverstone at the rareway airport, built in 1959, they thought that a successful racetrack could be developed for them, but in practice it turned out that the conditions were really unsuitable for this. The biggest problem was that the facility was assembled by laying huge concrete slabs next to each other, which were away from each other due to constant use. And although the planes were not tickled by the few inches of unevenness, it also shook the soul of the car racers. In addition, even the 3.2-kilometer line is designed to be as simple as a kindergarten due to its relative space constraints, which, of course, is not in thanks for the exciting strip of asphalt formed from the connecting roads at Silverstone Airport . On the rare track in 1964 was only considered a World Cup race.
Circuit de Charade (1965, 1969, 1970, 1972)
The circle of Charade, near Clermont-Ferrand in France, was built around a no longer active volcano, so there are virtually no equal sections in its winding line, but the altitude difference is even more so. Riding through it at a normal competitive pace really equates to a coaster ride, which is why pilots in different categories often suffered from symptoms of seasickness. The F1 field visited the special track four times and Denny Hulme betrayed that many broke into open-face helmets to break out of the car on the go … The volcanic debris on the track caused a number of punctures anyway, but worse Serious injuries. In 1972, the eyes of Red Bull’s current adviser, Helmut Marco, were knocked out by a sizable stone that also marked the end of his Austrian pilot career.
Las Vegas (1981, 1982)
The owners of the Caesars Palace Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas have a long-term desire to hold an F1 race in the parking lot behind the building in the hopes of attracting real, wealthy big men. Due to the scarcity in the area, the possibilities for the construction of asphalt strip are obviously limited, due to which the untemanding line drawing, which would have shamed even the operator of a rental karting track. To make the track as long as possible, they made a series of very similar left and right turns, and a round to the finish line. During the two F1 races, the surface of the track is mirror smooth, the heat unbearable and the expected attraction far behind, so Caesars Palace also ended the strange event with a loss. The field is no longer back on this awful, artificial track.
|Las Vegas, 1981: Track in the parking lot in the middle of nowhere|
The only tiny positive effect of the pandemic on F1 is that out of compulsion, special venues and tracks are also included in the upturned race calendar. Most interesting of all is the 3.5 km Sahirian outline, which consists of only three more straight lines and a shorter section of a few bends. This allows us to be lap time of less than a minute for the first time since the 1970s, which of course goes hand in hand with closer results. Even the smallest mistake on the time trial may mean three or four starting places, but the radically different line drawing will also pose a completely new challenge for the riders in the race. Some asphalt strips can be built at the Bahrain facility, but an international series has not yet used the external version.
(The article was published in the Saturday issue of National Sports, Capable Sports, December 5, 2020.)