By Business Day
South African cement producer PPC is struggling to extract about $ 60m from Zimbabwe, which is in the midst of a liquidity crunch.
The conclusion of Zimbabwe's elections, following the ousting of former president Robert Mugabe, did little to cover up the liquidity in the embattled nation.
"We will do everything in our power to get some of the money out in a legitimate way," said CEO Johan Claassen. "We have been a very good citizen in Zimbabwe for about 18 years, through the ups and downs, so I think we have a strong case."
Bar of liquidity crisis, PPC's business in Zimbabwe grew strongly in the six months to end-September. Revenues in that market grew 31% to R1.1bn (US $ 7.9m) thanks to higher volumes as consumers converted cash into fixed assets and the government spent more on infrastructure.
The strong performance in Zimbabwe has helped offset a difficult trading environment in SA, with a growth of 8% to R5.6bn (US $ 40m). Southern African cement revenue, which includes Botswana, declined 4%.
To raise sales, PPC would raise prices by "double digits" in SA, most likely in January 2019, according to PPC's Southern Africa MD, Njombo Lekula.
Claassen said price hikes were needed despite PPC's estimates that capacity would outstrip demand in SA by as much as 36% in 2018.
"Our synopsis is that the industry really needs it, and somebody needs to be bold about it," Claassen said. "To make costs of capital, the cement industry in SA probably requires margin north of 28%. We are at about 20%. "
But Mergence Investment Managers portfolio manager Peter Takaendesa said past price hikes had not been "stuck" as competitors had seen this as a chance to lift their volumes and market shares.
Takaendesa said the overcapacity problem – a function of new competitors and a surge in imports – would be compounded when Heidelberg Cement and Osho Ventures completed the construction of a new plant in the Eastern Cape.
The industry was also contending with the emergence of independent cement blenders.
In fact, he has been steered clear of investments in the cement industry due to overcapacity and cost increases, which were partly due to steep fuel price hikes.
"It will be very difficult for them to stabilize margins because cost pressure is not easing. I think the medium-term outlook remains very difficult for them. "
Electus equity analyst Mish-al Emeran said GDP growth was needed "before the South African cement industry can grow in real terms".
Claassen said trading conditions in SA and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were expected to remain difficult.
"However, we should benefit from a steady performance in Zimbabwe, improved output from Cimerwa [in Rwanda] and stable political environments in Ethiopia, while the DRC elections are a key milestone to unlock latent infrastructure demand, "he said.
Claassen also said on Friday he would take early retirement but would remain in his position until the board found a replacement.