Resistance to antibiotics – bacteria fight back



An increasing list of infections, such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning and gonorrhea, are becoming more difficult to treat as antibiotics become less effective due to overuse.

If the bacterium carries more resistant genes, it is called a multiresistant or superbug. New mechanisms of bacterial resistance are emerging and spreading throughout the world that threaten our ability to treat common infectious diseases. Without urgent action, we advocate a post-antibiotic period in which they can again destroy common infections and minor injuries.

Antibiotic resistance

Antibiotics are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections – not viral infections. Resistance to antibiotics occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of antibiotics and become resistant to it. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become resistant to antibiotics.

Bacteria fight back

The use of antibiotics for viral infections causes resistance to antibiotics

Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections, such as common colds, flu, the most inflamed throat, bronchitis, and numerous infections of the sinuses and ears. The widespread use of antibiotics for these diseases is an example of how over-use of antibiotics can promote the spread of antibiotic resistance.

In countries with no standard treatment guidelines, health professionals and veterinarians often over-prescribe antibiotics and are widely used by the public. There are countries where antibiotics can be purchased for use in humans or non-prescription animals, which makes the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance worse.

What can be done about antibiotic resistance?

The Council must necessarily change the way it prescribes and uses antibiotics. Even if new drugs develop without change in behavior, resistance to antibiotics will remain a major threat.

What can you do to control the spread of antibiotic resistance?

  • Use only antibiotics if prescribed by an authorized healthcare professional.
  • Never ask antibiotics if your doctor says you do not need them.
  • Always finish the course of antibiotics.
  • When using antibiotics, always follow the advice of your healthcare professional.
  • Never share or use antibiotic residues.
  • Prevention of infections by regular washing of hands, hygienic preparation of food, prevention of close contact with sick persons, safer sex and regular vaccination.

WATCH: Antibiotic resistance

DELITI

AUTHOR

Amanda Coetzee

Digital Content Creator


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