The technological rivalry behind the US-China international trade war


Behind your business war, United States And China They fight for technological domination. While Americans are determined to retain their advantage over the Chinese in this sector, they are desperate to take the lead.

The Drones

The world number one of the civil drone is a Chinese one. DJIFounded in 2006 in Shenzhen (South) by a young Passionate model, it produced 70% of the civilian drones on the planet. There is no competitor of American weight, after the California fortress GoPro. A check on the sector that has presented a problem with Washington: in 2017, the US. There. Military banned the use of DJI Drones for security reasons.

China without Gaf

Some experts are worried about the risk of a world split in two by a "curtain of technological iron". Already in China, BATX (Baidu, Alibaba, Tensent, Xiaomi), took advantage of all the social networks and foreign search engines, replacing the GAFA (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon) and have international ambitions.

Credit card payment giants (Visa, MasterCard, American Express), penalized in China by a very restrictive legislation, were standardized by Chinese actors (Alipay, WeChat, UnionPay) and the tendency to make smartphone payments.

Pexels | Pixabay (CCO)
Pexels | Pixabay (CCO)

Beidou Against GPS

At the geolocation sector, China took a distance from the US. There. GPS and its own satellite navigation system, Beidou (Literally "the Big Deeper").

As a guarantee of strategic and economic independence, it relies on a network of some 30 satellites and will be fully operational throughout the world starting next year.

Beijing has its vast project of the new Silk Routes to carry out participating countries to use their technology.

Huawei, leader of the 5g

Washington has long considered the Chinese telecommunications giants as a threat due to the past of its former Chinese army founder Ren Zhengfei, 74, and a 2017 law that requires Chinese companies to cooperate with the country's intelligence services. .

The United States government has spent its purchasing equipment on its agencies Huawei, For fear that Beijing may spy on their communications and access key infrastructure in the country. The United States has also been able to print on its allies to release Huawei from its network infrastructure.

The group's financial director, Meng WanzhouAlso, a favorite of all to succeed your father in Huawei leadership, is also targeted by Washington, which accuses you of avoiding sanctions against Iran. Detained in Canada in December, Meng Wanzhou could face the United States justice soon.

"Manufactured in China 2025"

Be autonomous in the field of technology and develop their own skills. This is the objective of the ambitious program "Made in China 2025"Built to turn the Asian giants into a new technology, the aerospace industry brings telecommunications, robotics, biotechnology, and electric vehicles.

Beijing aims for technological self-sufficiency in 70% of key components and materials by the year 2025.

The "scary" design, according to Washington, has complicated the trade talks between China and the United States and has increased their mutual distrust.

China mobile discarded

The United States rejected the request China Mobile To access its telecommunications market, consider that its ties with Beijing threaten "national security", which once again demonstrates the strategic importance of telecommunications and technology in the confrontation between the two powers.

Patent career

According to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the United States holds the first place it held for 4 years in the number of international patented patents, but China could have surprised it by 2020.

In 2017, the latest data available, two Chinese companies dominated the World podium: Huawei (4,024 applications) and other Chinese telecommunications giants ZTE (2,965 patents). The first American company is only in third place: Intel (2,637).

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