The best sugar substitute: water | Science



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Something has been set to change when the World Health Organization (WHO) issues its recommendations on the use of food sweeteners later this year. The products are experiencing economic boom times, mainly due to the fact that children who have tripled during the last two decades (data from the United States), are also associated with overweight, obesity, metabolic disease and disease. There are two types of diabetes and cardiovascular risks. There are very difficult reasons to reduce the consumption of sugar, which has triggered the sale of food and soft drinks containing saccharin, aspartame, stevia, and other non-artificial sweeteners available in the catalog. The zero, zero zero, soft drink that replaces sugar for a combination of barely sweeteners, living their golden age in western countries. Perhaps the changes will change in 12 months, when anyone who prunes, as you can read Matter.

For the moment, those who have commissioned a group of scientists a comprehensive review of the 56 investigations that have been made on the effects of sweeteners on health, sometimes compared to sugar, compared to plasma. And the effects are very modest. It is true that there is a slight reduction in weight, a little more than a kilogram on average, possibly linked to sugar failure, although it is not even clear that thinning is stable over the long term. There is also a slight reduction in blood pressure, although only overweight adults. Sweetnetet manufacturers have quickly highlighted the effects. But the basic issues – blood glucose, tooth decay, cancer, liver disease, eating behavior – do not show significant impact when sugar is replaced by sweeteners. For these reasons, it seems unlikely that anyone would recommend the use of these products. The experts, however, point out that more studies are required before issuing a recent opinion.

This does not mean, in any case, that you have to go back to sugar. The recommendation to reduce sugar accessories is based on very solid data. What is happening is that replacing it with sweeteners, as in zero drinks, doesn't seem to be a big deal. The best substitute for sugary soft drinks is no other than water.

The result of these investigations is somewhat surprising. If the sweeteners do not have negative effects on health, as it seems, the only reduction in sugar consumption associated with their use should certainly be a clear positive effect. But this is not the case, and this can be due to a variety of factors. The glands living on the gut, for example, change their relative percentages in response to the diet, and perhaps the sweeteners affect intestinal flora in a way that compensates for the beneficial effects of calorie reduction. The brain can also contain a key, such as a psychiatrist, and the sugar does not have the same effect on the brain as it can bring pleasure, reward and energy.

We will see at the end of the year. In the meantime, drink water.

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