A viral infection that sprays through the blood and body fluids and invades the liver cells to seriously affect the liver, causing the death of a million people around the world every year. Currently, more than 250 million people are carriers of the virus Hepatitis bThis figure is more than seven times higher than that of patients with HIV, reportedly last week.
In 2016, the deaths caused by Hepatitis B – which in turn triggered Cancer Of liver or syrhosis – exceeded the number of deaths because of more fear of diseases, such as AIDS, tuberculosis or malaria. This is despite the fact that this hepatitis can be prevented by a vaccine, and it is also possible to treat it with the same antiretroviral drugs used to fight HIV.
The infection is known as Quiet epidemic Because initially, his carriers have no symptoms. The main routes of transmission are blood-from mother to kid during launch, or from injections and contaminated blood transfusion-and unprotected sex contact.
The World Health Organization says that the way to protect yourself from this disease is through a Vaccine, Which has an effect of 95% to avoid any chronic infection, is very safe and its protection is at least 20 years.
The most affected area is this Africa Sub-Saharan It is estimated that 6% of its population is infected and that less than a tenth of their children receive the corresponding vaccine. In addition, the publication states that this area occupies the last place in the interventions conducted by different countries in terms of diagnosis and treatment of people living with the virus.
"There is a critical time for the region," said Philippa Matthews, an immunologist at the University of Oxford (United Kingdom). He also insists that, unlike this HIV, In the face of Hepatitis B, no action was taken Resources and Education Necessary to resist a disease that was present in humanity for thousands of years.