A team of scientists have found that the digestive system functioning of a crustacean can open the door to the transformation of wood into biofuels, according to a study published today by the journal Nature.
The research carried out by the University of York (R.Unido) shows some secrets of the "Gibble", a small invertebrate, also known as the "Marine Tridite".
These creatures, explain the authors, fulfill an important ecological mission, since they "eat" large quantities of the wood that ends up in the sea of the estuaries.
A trouble for boats and spring structures
At the same time, remember, they can be a trouble because they also damage the wood of the boats and the structures of the roofs built with the material.
Until now, however, it was unknown, as the gibbles can lignin distress, a highly resistant organic polymer found in the walls of cellular cells and cellulose nanofibers.
The experts found that the "Marine Tridite" prisoner contains hemosians, a protein present in some crustaceans, which, in addition to transporting oxygen and giving them their characteristics of blue blood, are key when extracting sugars of wood.
Scientists hope this finding will help develop sustainable tools with which wood can be transformed into low carbon fuels, as an alternative to fossil fuels.
"The Gibble is the only small animal known to have a sterile digestive system, which facilitates the study of their digestive process, compared with other similar creatures such as terminals that require thousands of intestinal microbes to perform this function "Says the leader of the study, Simon McQueen-Mason, from the University of York.
In this way, he inclines, the scrubs "chewing wood" to turn it into "very small pieces", after which it resembles hemosians to change the structure of lignin.
"The GH7 enzymes, from the same group with which the fungi break down the wood, are then able to penetrate the woody material and release the sugars," adds Makvin Mason.
Woody plants, the most abundant renewable carbon source on the planet
Experts remember that the biomass of woody plants is the most abundant renewable source of carbon on the planet, and, unlike the food crops used to generate bubbles, does not provide food security risks.
"In the long term, this finding may be useful to reduce the change in energy needed to prevent the wood from making it into Biofuel," says Neil Bruce, co-author of the study.
Hemosianin has an improving effect on cellulose equivalent to prior treatments developed with thermochemical energy to facilitate the body's biological properties, experience the expert. EFEverde