EFE / Denver
A combination of high temperatures due to climate change and the accumulation of in vivo toxins is the cause of an epidemic of kidney disease in agricultural workers and day workers worldwide, Colorado experts say in the United States.
According to information from the Public Health School of the University of Colorado at Denver, Mesoamerican Nephropathy, agricultural workers in particular affect plant, cotton or maize plantations, but have also been detected in shrimp farms and miners.
The Mesoamerican Nefrophath was detected 30 years ago and received that name in reference to the disproportionate number of kidney diseases found among workers in Central America.
Since then, one of the major diseases among hot climates has been reported, explaining the report and indicating that it has recently been detected in three countries: California, Colorado and Florida.
Over the past seven years, some 20,000 agricultural workers have died due to kidney problems in central America's plantations, and in the states mentioned, the study says.
But the disease is global and its exact reasons are hard to decide, says Dr. Lee Newman, author of the Center for Health, Labor and Environment at Colorado University in Denver, is the author of the study.
We review all available literature on the subject and ask yourself: What do we know today? What don't you know? We hope to synthesize everything we know so far to have a frame of reference and be able to move forward, commented by Newman, who is also a professor of departmental and occupational health at the university.
Together with his colleague, dr. Richard Johnson of the Colorado School of Medicine University in Denver, Newman, believes that the mysterious epidemic of kidney diseases is the cause of heat.
Also, the direct impact of climate change on health, combined with pesticides and possibly contaminated by pesticides.
In fact, studies show that epidemic in Sri Lanka is greater, where water is shallow and toxins can be concentrated there, Johnson said.
In addition to pesticides, heavy metals (such as cadmium) are also contributing to kidney diseases, and in some regions another element has been added: the handavirus. Adding genetic factors to this, when field workers are exposed to heat, dehydration causes damage to kidneys, aggravated by soil and water toxins.
It is my view that climate change has a role in this epidemic. They (the agricultural workers) are the ones who feed the planet. If climate change continues, who will feed us? Asked Nyman.
The study was published this week in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine journal.