Atopic dermatitis actions 3 of every 10 chileans



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The Atopic dermatitis Is a skin type of allergic skin, characterized by the presence of Chronic itching or itching, With episodes of multiple exacerbations and remedies that have extraordinary lives in different periods of life.

In Chile, 3 of 10 people suffer from this condition, Which mainly affects children with a history of atopi in the family. "Approximately 60% of these cases were manifested prior to the first year of life, and 85% of them before the five," explains the dermatologist Clínica Vespucio, Dr. Cristián González.

Minerals often present a greater intensity of pruritus, which can generate bacterial superinfection in the skin. To avoid this, it specializes in educating the patient and his whole family about the difficult and prolonged rate of pathology.

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"Its exact cause is still unknown and there is no cure, but treatment can reduce symptoms in such a way as to provide the patient, especially the child with a better quality of life," dermatologist adds.

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With this objective in mind, we must first identify, and where possible avoid, the specific triggers of outbreak of atopic dermatitis. In addition, Dr. Gonzávez recommends:

– Deliver loose cotton clothing and avoid rigid clothing with synthetic or wool compounds.
– Wash clothes with white soap or hypoallergenic detergents and avoid the use of softeners.
– Avoid very hot and dry places.
– Control emotional stress.
– The toilet should be short, daily, with hot water, and use soap substitutes or neutral soaps.
– Drying should be smooth and without rubbing the skin facilitated.
– Daily and frequent skin hydration with hypoallergenic products.

Can it be avoided?

Some research has shown that atopic dermatitis is a disease that arises from the interaction between genetics and environmental factors. "There is a change in the epidemic barrier, which leads to an increased loss of water in the skin and allows the penetration of environmental and food allergens," explains the specialist. This allows the release of inflammatory sitokines, which triggers the tendency of the patients to scratch their skin intensely.

Likewise, men also tend to develop themselves or in their family environment other allergic conditions, such as bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis, which usually coagulates in what is called the Atopic Diathesis.

Treatments

In the actual treatment of itching, you can use various types of antihistamines, which should be prescribed by a dermatologist, as well as topical kernekooteroids for the treatment of specific skin lesions, which should be used for short periods. "When there is a bacterial superinfection, you can also add antibiotics in cream or ointments," says the dermatologist.

In more severe cases, with little reaction to topical procedures, systemic procedures are available, such as the use of oral corticosteroids, immunotherapists or phototherapy treatments.

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