10 WHO data and a decalogue for early detection of HIV



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AIDS Day: 10 data from WHO and a decalogue for early detection of HIV

A loop consisting of poinsetties, better known as Easter flowers, during the commemorative event organized by the State AIDS Coordinator (Cesida) to mark the 25th Century World AIDS Day, at the Plaza del Callao in Madrid. EFE / Sergio Barrenechea

On World AIDS Day, which gives 10 HIV / AIDS data:

Data 1. HIV infects cells from the immune system

The infection is a progressive deterioration of the immune system and reduces the ability of the body to fight some infections and other diseases. In the most advanced stages of HIV infection (human immunodeficiency virus) AIDS (customer immunodeficiency syndrome), which is defined by the appearance of one or more opportunistic infections or concerts of more than 20 possible.

Data 2. Forms of HIV transmission

  • Sexual relations (vaginal or anal) or bukkogenital contact without proper protection with an infected person.
  • Transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products or transplantation of contaminated tissue.
  • Exchange of solutions or injection equipment (needles, syringes) or equipment used to tattoo contamination.
  • Use of surgical equipment or other contaminated sharpening instruments.
  • Transmission of mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or lactation.

Data 3. Prevent the transmission from HIV

  • Do not take risks when you have sex, for example using a condom.
  • Undergo screening tests
  • Avoid injecting drugs or, if necessary, using sterile needles and sewers.
  • Make sure that no blood or blood product that is needed is tested for HIV.
  • Accessing voluntary medical instruction in case of living in one of the 14 countries in which the intervention is promoted.
  • If you have HIV, start antiretroviral treatment as soon as possible for your own benefit and prevent the transmission of HIV to sexual partners or drug users, or to the baby (in case of pregnancy or breastfeeding).
  • Use pre-exposure viral prevention before possible high risk of nature; Require post-exposure to prophylaxis if there is a risk to exposure to HIV.

Data 4. There are 36.7 million people in the world infected with HIV, the vast majority in low and medium-income countries. It is estimated that some 35 million people have died from IDS to date, 1.1 million of them in 2015.

Data 5. Treatment with a combination of antiretrovirals prevents multiply HIV in the body.

Data 6. In mid-2016, 18.2 million people in the world receive antiretroviral treatment.

Data 7. Being tested can help you get treatment for those who need it.

Data 8. It is estimated that 1,800,000 children are suffering from HIV infection.

Data 9. The elimination of mother-to-child transmission is becoming a reality.

Data 10. HIV is the major risk factor for active tuberculosis.

Decalogue for the early detection of HIV

AIDS
Infographics of the EFE Agency on AIDS after the UNAIDS 2017 release.

According to figures obtained by the Ministry of Health, Consumer and Social Welfare, it is estimated that between 140,000 and 170,000 people with HIV infection currently live in Spain, of which 18% are not yet diagnosed.

In 2017 alone, a total of 3,381 new diagnoses were reported, representing approximately seven people suffering from the disease per 100,000 inhabitants, and this figure was increased to increase.

As the patient claims, "prevention is where we continue to quit," as well as early diagnosis of the virus. Therefore, the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC) and the AIDS Learning Group (GESIDA) have developed a "Decalogue of recommendations for early detection of HIV infection"

1 Hivet testing should be available to promote diagnosis and decrease the number of unyagnosed people.

2. Although there are rapid tests and self-tests, the definitive diagnosis is only established in specialized laboratories.

3. The test must be voluntary, confidential, with the informed consent of the person to whom it is done, and accessible to the entire population.

4. It can be requested at the consultation of any physician. It is also done in some pharmacies and in the Gools.

5. The test is required in some cases, such as blood or organ donations, people who go through a program of assisted human reproduction techniques, and receive and receive sperm.

6 The test should always be offered to pregnant women, in penitentiary institutions, and in each person between 20 and 59 years of sexually active.

7. It is advisable to perform the test in people who may be exposed to contact with some body fluids from an infected person (blood, sperm and pre-seminal fluid, vaginal and rectal secretions, and breast milk), and to those who have Signs and Symptoms. / Or symptoms of infections and tumors that are usually associated with HIV.

8. A negative result does not exclude a recent infection (in the last two weeks to three months after the test), so if there was a risk exposure at that time it was necessary to repeat the test for 2-4 weeks and still Three months.

AIDS Day
A person makes an informative poster against HIV and AIDS. EFE / J.L. Creditor

9. If the test result is positive it is necessary to confirm it, in which case it will be necessary to perform complementary analyzes to determine the stage of the HIV infection and to begin the antiretroviral treatment.

10. If confirmed HIV infection, antiretroviral treatment should begin early because it keeps the virus illegal, increases defenses, improves quality of life and practically prevents the possibility of transmitting infection to other people.

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