The Ministry of Public Health describes the characteristics of the disease and how it can be prevented, because it is one of the endemic regions in the country.
What is it? What are the symptoms, how is it transmitted, treated and prevented? The Handavirus.
What is it?
Handavirus is a severe acute viral disease caused by the handa virus. The wild mice (mainly the long-tailed ones) communicate it to the human, eliminating the virus in the saliva, the fairies and the urine.
How is it transmitted?
By Inhalation: It is the most frequent cause. It occurs when we breathe in open or closed places (sheds, orchards, grasslands) where the infected or rodent's feet release the virus contaminating the environment.
By direct contact: by touching infected life or dead rodents, or by the legs or urine of these rodents
Bites: When angry with infected rodents.
By Interhuman: It can be transmitted between people by close contact with an infected person in the first days of the symptoms, by the Airway.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms include flu-like state: fever, muscle aches, chills, headaches, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. After a few days, it may be respiratory distress, which can be generated by the production known as "handavirus cardiopulmonary pulmonary syndrome", which can lead to death if the person is not hospitalized at times.
How is the treatment?
There is no specific treatment. Patients with cardiopulmonary syndrome due to hand cavity should be assigned to hospital facilities, preferably with intensive care units that have mechanical ventilation.
How can it be prevented?
In Argentina, four endemic regions have been identified: North (Salta, Jujuy), Central (Buenos Aires, Santa Phi and Enroller Rio), Northeast (Misioes) and Sur (Necesn, Rio Negro and Chubut). To prevent this disease in areas it is important:
Avoid soothing with rodents and contact with their secretions.
Preventing rodents from entering or making nests in homes.
Cover holes in doors, walls and pipes.
Carry out cleaning (floors, walls, doors, tables, drawers and coppers) with one part of bleach every nine water (leave 30 minutes and then rinse). Moist the floor before sweeping to avoid dust.
Place gardens and firewood more than 30 meters from the houses, cut grass and weeds up to a radius of 30 meters around the home.
Climbing at least 30 minutes before entering the closed areas (houses, sheds). Before entering, cover your mouth and nose with a N95 chinstrap.
When camping off with weeds and dampers, do not sleep directly on the ground and consume drinking water.
Found a life-saving agent: use rubber for rodents or trappings (do not try to touch it or hit it). Check with the municipality if a Pest control service is available.
If a dead end has been found: spray it with bleach with everything that may be in contact and wait a minimum of 30 minutes. Then pick it with gloves and bury it more than 30 cm deep or burn it.
People who have symptoms of the disease should quickly go to a healthcare facility for consultation and avoid close contact with other people.