More than 60,000 Canadian and 37 million people worldwide live with HIV. In the early days of HIV and AIDS, there was a huge fear and discrimination – to the extent that in British Columbia politicians debate quarantined people with HIV.
Since then, the arc of scientific progress on HIV is rapid. But the hatch-related stigma and discrimination are not lost and the global epidemic is far from over.
There are still 2,000 new cases of HIV in Canada every year. Fundraising for AIDS Service Organizations has slowed and global funding for HIV research and development has declined.
The World AIDS Day we call for recognition that negative judgments and feelings about HIV are intertwined and tangled with racism, phobia and homophobia.
You can have HIV and become 'intransmissible'
Due to the access to modern antiretroviral treatments, HIV has been most manageable. Research of the BC Center for Excellence in HIV / AIDS (BC-CFE) has demonstrated that people with HIV that have taken treatments now have a similar life expectancy to those who are HIV-negative.
Julio Montaner, director of the BC-heads, pioneered the concept of 'treatment as prevention' (TASP). The medical and scientific community has come to a consensus that an individual who lives with HIV can be "intransmined" – meaning there is no risk of them simultaneously transmitting the virus – if they achieve an undetectable viral load by HIV treatment. People living with HIV have conducted the "Undetectable = Untransmendable" movement to share the message of hope and to fight against HIV Stigma.
According to our own research on the timing of sound study, the number of HIV-negative jolly people in Vancouver who knew the concept nearly doubled from 2012-2014. The good news is that this was not associated with any decreases in condom use.
The Bad News: Key Articles About HIV Prevention and Testing Can not Reach All Audiences. For example, we found that bisexual people, older people and people living outside the city were significantly less likely to have been tested for HIV in the past two years.
Unfortunately, the efforts to stop the spread of HIV are outdated by fear and stigma. For example, some jolly and bisexual people have never been tested for HIV, because they worry about the impact it can on their relationships and sex lives, and that they may be discriminated against.
People are still afraid of telling doctors and getting tested
In Canada, it remains a criminal offense to not disclose its HIV status in consensual sex, if a condom is not used.
The discriminatory law remains, however, largely based on scientific consensus that an individual with an undetectable viral load can not communicate with the virus. This was proven by a study involving nearly 60,000 acts of condom-less intercourse between cerebrospheric couples (where one partner is HIV negative and the other is positive) did not result in HIV transmission.
World AIDS Day: Let's stop criminalizing HIV status
The fears also make it difficult for people to tell their doctor about sex with other people. At least 1/4 of the momentum participants did not tell their doctor about sex with men, and the people were half as it was tested for HIV.
Stigma also affects access to services and mental health. People who have experienced physical challenges (depression and use of multiple illicit drugs) are more likely to engage in sex that can perform HIV.
The feelings of disassociation of the disease can be interrupted with discrimination. For example, hygiene risk between trans people in the momentum health study was shaped by difficulty in safely finding sexual partners, challenges with condom use and barriers to access to health care including transition-related services.
It is an effective HIV prevention drug
We now have more tools in the Prevention Prevention Tools than at the top of the epidemic. Safe sex, once referred to as condoms alone, now issues issues such as undetectable status and pre-exposure to prophylaxis, or propagation.
The HIV Prevention drug prep is highly effective when taking consistently and is available at no cost to afford HIV-negative people in British Columbia, which are in high risk of HIV.
Prior to being covered in BS, only 2.3 percent of cheerful people at the momentum study in Vancouver used pep. However, the awareness of prop up more than quadrupled to 80 percent of 18 percent at this time.
Although challenges to access remain, thousands of cheerful people and other people are at risk of HIV at bi.c. Now get a free charge.
HIV has changed. And our perceptions need to catch up. Now is the time for policymakers, service providers and the country as a whole to embrace a better understanding of HIV.
Compozeness, ignorance and continue to see HIV as something harmful will keep us from advancing in our efforts to support people living with HIV and reducing new infections.