She was battling cancer, and to survive, it is likely to need blood transitions from 7 to 10 donors who, so far, have not found it all.
That's because they are as rare as she is.
"We have a zero-percent opportunity to find compatible blood for the little girl, if we look at a pretty different ethnic group," Frieda Bright, a lab manager with OneBlood, said in a video provided by the organization. "We are looking for the world to test blood for the little girl."
OneBlood says that it will be useful to find donors from the ethnicities that live in the US.
A person's blood type is determined by antigens. Zainab's blood is missing an antigen called Indian B, and its body will attack blood transfusions that contain it. So, like Zainab, you donors need to be missing the antigen. In addition, they must also have type o or blood.
Such donors are "extremely rare," said Sandra Nans, senior director of the American Donor Program.
Nance has the program tracks at least 59 types of rare blood and has over 120,000 registered donors. She did not say that any donor of Zainab blood type was registered in the US. It. Database of the program, when the search for matching donors started in September. Since then, there are two compatible donors in the US. It. And one in the UK has been found, according to the onlooker.
"Lucky, thank God, they found three donors, so she went through her normal treatment," her father, Raehel Mughal, said in a video provided by OneBlood. "We will definitely need more blood."
Zainab's family made the video with Onblood to call attention to her story. They are unavailable to talk with CNN directly.
Zainab's cancer, neuroblastoma, developed in her nerve cells and requires chemotherapy for treatment.
"She is going to need to be fully supported by blood donations in order to survive the cancer treatment to kill the cancer," said Bright. "The blood is not going to heal you, but the blood is very important to support it while undergoing the treatment of this particular cancer."
"Rare blood is the blood that you do not have when you need it no matter what," Nancy said. "If a person is identified as a rare donor and they are called to give, my hope is that they will give, if they can."
In the OneBlood video, Mughal made an application for those who can help. "If you are one of the people of the Middle East, please go out and give blood to my daughter," he said. "My daughter lives very much depends on the blood."