The development of the baby's brain does not depend on sleeping through the night



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(Reuters Health) – Babies who do not sleep at night do not seem to have a greater risk of problems with cognitive or disorder, says a Canadian study.

The decision on when and whether babies should sleep at night is one of the most overwhelmed problems that new parents face. Some studies have shown that insufficient sleep can lead to a number of developmental problems for infants. It is less known whether the development of children is affected by their sleeping times, which occur on a long, continuous work overnight.

For the current study, the researchers examined the 388 pairs of maternal babies, asked women about their own mood and sleeping routines, and evaluated the cognitive and motor development of infants when children aged 6, 12 and 36 months.

"We found that a high percentage of 6- and 12-month-old babies do not sleep at night, and that they are not related to the development of the baby or the mood of the mother," said Marie-Helene Pennestri, MD, MD, McGill, Montreal, and Riviere-des hospital -Prairies.

"That's why parents should not worry if their baby does not sleep overnight to 6 months of age," Pennestri said by email.

Infants in the study were classified as sleep overnight when they received at least six hours of uninterrupted rest.

At the age of 6 months, approximately 62 percent of mothers reported that their children slept for at least six hours a night. Girls probably did this as boys; 70% of girls slept overnight compared to 56% of boys.

At this age, only 43 percent of mothers reported that their children burned at least eight hours a night. While girls were slightly more likely than boys, the difference was small and may have been coincidental.

Breast-feeding was associated with lower sleeping quota overnight, a study was also found. About 55 percent of children who were sleeping six hours a day at the age of 6 months were breastfed, 81 percent of infants who did not sleep in six uninterrupted hours were breastfed.

And about 49 percent of children who slept at this age for eight hours in the evening were breastfed, compared with 77 percent of infants who did not sleep for as long.

Pediatricians recommend that mothers exclusively breastfeed the baby until they are at least six months old because they can strengthen the immune system of infants and reduce the risk of ear and respiratory infections, sudden death syndrome in infants, allergies, obesity, and diabetes.

By the age of 12 months, 72 percent of children slept for at least six hours, and 57 percent slept at least eight hours a night. Less sleep at night was again associated with a greater likelihood of continuing breastfeeding at this age.

While the benefits of breastfeeding are well-established, skipping night feeding in favor of promoting more sleep at night for babies and mothers should not be harmful, writes the study authors in Pediatrics.

The study was not designed to demonstrate whether uninterrupted sleep can directly affect breast-feeding habits, child development, or maternity. Researchers also referred to geodetic mothers about the baby's sleep, rather than directly following baby's sleep.

Sleeping, while important, is not the only thing that affects the development of children, said Jodi Mindell, assistant director of the Sleep Center at the Childrens Hospital in Philadelphia and a professor at Saint Joseph University.

"There are so many things that affect long-term development, such as genetics, nutrition, and interactions between parents and children," said Mindell, who participated in the study commentary.

Some parents may still want to teach children to sleep overnight, as this may help the whole family to rest on a regular basis, says Mindell.

"The testimony of sleeping is not expected to make the child smarter years later, nor is it the goal," Mindell said. "Studies have consistently found that sleep training leads to happier and less stressed families."

SOURCE: https://bit.ly/2K3YhXb and https://bit.ly/2qJSbSV Pediatrics, November 12, 2018.

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