A new invasive tech science capable of transmitting some severe diseases is spread in the United States, posing an emerging threat to human and animal health, according to a couple of reports published Thursday.
The Asian Longhorn ticks are the first invasion tic to get in the United States for about 80 years. It is native to East China, Japan, the Russian Far East and the Korean peninsula, and is also established in Australia and New Zealand.
In August of last year, it was discovered on a 12-year-old pet of Icelandic shepherds in West New Jersey. Since then, the ticks have been found in Arkansas, Connecticut, Maryland, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia. These species are found on pets, livestock, wildlife and people. Until today, there is no understanding that the ticket has spread pathogens to chamois, domestic animals or wildlife in the United States, according to a report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
But public officials are worried about the potential Haemaphysalis longicornis To spread disease. In other parts of the world, there is a major livestock pest; Its bites can make people and animals seriously ill. In some parts of Australia and New Zealand, the ticks can suck so much blood from dairy cattle that they make milk production to fall by 25 percent, researchers have found.
In Asia, the ticket carries a virus that tells human hemorrhagic fever and kills up to 30 percent of its victims. Although the virus is not in the United States, it is closely related to the heartland virus, another life-threatening ticker-based disease that circulates in the United States. Health officials are particularly concerned about the ability to adapt to a vector of virus and other ticked illness in the United States.
The ticks "are potentially capable of spreading a large number of diseases," said Lily Petersen, director of CDC's vector-borne diseases. "We really do not know if disease will spread through the ticks in the United States and, if so, to what extent, but it is very important that we figure it out quickly."
The female tickets can also add hundreds of fruitful eggs without matting, "resulting in massive host infestations," the CDC said.
Irrigues from mosquito, tick and flea bites more than tripled in the United States 2004-2005, according to the CDC. The growing in the vector-based diseases has many underlying sides: expanding travel and commerce, urbanization, growth, and increasing temperatures.
Heat temperatures and climate changes make the environment more guest to tickets or mosquitoes that spread pathogens and increase the length of time when ticks are active, says Petersen.
Next week, officials from several federal agencies – including the CDC, the Agriculture Department, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Park Service and the Defense Department – are meeting to develop a national coordinated strategy for fighting the vector-based diseases.
"The problems are worse and worse," said Petersen, that every state, except Alaska, has been grappling with the disease. "We have lost this battle."
Officials say they are trying to raise awareness among public health officials, health care professionals and veterinarians about the potential threat of this species. In addition to the CDC report, Petersen and CDC colleagues published a compilation paper in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene highlighting the "substantial gaps" in the public health system to respond to the diseases.
Many defects spread by ticks are signed. There are also no prescribed measures that can be scaled up to control many vector-based diseases that are transmitted through the black-leg or deer ticks that spread at least seven human pathogens in the United States, including the bacteria that causes illness.
Officials do not know when or how long the long-awaited tickets arrived in the United States. Between August 2017 and September 2018, there are 53 reports of tickets in the United States. The countries with the highest percentage of infected counties are New Jersey (33 percent), West Virginia (20 percent) and Virginia (12 percent), including Fairfax county, DC. Suburb. Using retrospective analysis, scientists believe the invasion occurred years earlier.
Todhigh Rayney, a tumor at the Huberton County Health Division in New Jersey, discovered the tissue August 1, 2017, when a woman who had been presenting her pet's Icelandic pet arrived in the department with which she thought she was touching her hands.
In closer inspection, they turned out to be loud ticks. And she was covered in them.
"She's all over her clothes, we're talking about 1,000 ticks on her body," Reney recalled in an interview. "They were a species I never saw before." Rainey's assistant is getting a change of clothes for the woman, and health officials put her pants in a freezer to kill the ticks.
As Reina said to identify these species, the woman returned about two weeks later, with her adult tone of her sheep. Rinini realized he was nothing he had ever seen before and went to visit her farm to see the animal for himself.
"I got covered with ticks," he said. "They are embedded all over the sheep, thousands of them on the ears, too many to count."
Andrea Egizi, a research scientist at the Monmouth County Tick-Borne Disease Laboratory at Rutgers University, has identified the ticks using DNA analysis, and its identity is later confirmed by USDA scientists.
Rainei said that the dicks were likely to come to the United States on a big animal. That part of the state has an active horse and sheep trade overseas. The affected sheep never traveled outside the country. "Or it can come over a person who is walking on a nature hike in New Zealand," he said.
Healthy officials were able to kill all the ticks on the sheep and eliminate them on the property of women. The sheep, who named Hannah, had recently been told about age, said Reina. The health department said the woman's pants because "she still does not want her pants."
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