NASA's InSight Lander, the first mission to study the deep inland of Mars, is scheduled to complete its six-month trip to the red planet on Monday afternoon.
Insight, the first spacecraft NASA was sent to Mars, since the curiosity rover landed there in 2012, will build about 16 feet down to control the temperature of the red planet and put a seismometer in Martian soil to teach marches.
But before it can do anything, the spacecraft has to land.
It will not be easy – The atmosphere on Mars is very thin compared with the ground, so it can not produce enough frictional friction to slow down to a certain landing speed. Only 40% of missions to Mars have survived the landing; The United States is the only country to successfully land anything on the red planet.
According to NASA, the Insight Langer will enter the Martian atmosphere about 12,300 mph. Sh. It will only have about 6.5 minutes to slow down to about 5 mph. What will happen by using a parachute and firing desktop thrusters. If everything goes according to design, the spacecraft is expected to land on a flat, stable surface of Ellis Planitia – a wide margin clear with few rocks or boulders – at about 3p.m. EST on Monday.
Insight's design, including its heat shield and parachute, are very similar to the NASA Phoenix Spacecraft, which successfully launched live in North Pole in 2008. However, Insight will have more mass when it enters the Martian atmosphere as Phoenix said, the landing more challenging. The new spacecraft is also well-suited to connect at a higher level than Phoenix, which means it will have less atmosphere to quit down.
The Insight mission was conducted by NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Insight, which is off of California Wandsburg Air Force baszy in May, was the first interplanetary rocket that NASA launched from the West Coast. The Langer left earth accompanied by two small marches bounded satellites that were collectively called Mars Cube One.
Read more: A tiny satellite bound for Mars just snapped a picture that makes the red planet look insignificant and worthwhile
Once set up, Insight will stretch 20 feet long and about about £ 75. It will be powered by two 7-foot-wide solar arrays. To measure markets (which are similar to earthquakes but, of course, not on the ground), the lander has antennas that can record how much the planet shakes and vessels. This data can help scientists determine if Mars is solid or fluid.
The Lander is supposed to collect data on Mars until at least November 2020. NASA hopes to use this information to design new comparisons between the interiors of earth and the red planet. Eventually, the research could be used to learn more about what types of earth-like exoplanets could support life.
On Monday, NASA will be relying on other spacecraft and radio telescopes on Earth to monitor Insight's radio signals and switch when it reaches the red planet. The Langer's plan should allow it to safely leak on Monday even if it reaches Elysium Planitia during a dust storm, thanks to the thick heat shield that protects the insight of dust.
Although the whole landing will not be captured on video, NASA will broadcast live comments and updates, along with photos showing insight's descent.
You can watch the landing commentary on NASA's river below, starting at 2pm. ET on Monday: