Rabies – passengers are supposed to be vaccinated


The Briton traveled to Morocco when he was bitten by a cat. A few weeks later, he died of rabies because he was not treated enough. This is announced by the British Health Service England Health Service, which specifically calls on refugees with Asian and African destinations to comply with vaccination recommendations.

Who wants to travel in endangered areas should be vaccinated

It still appears in 100 countries in the world: Asia, Central and South America, Africa and Eastern Europe. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 59,000 people die annually due to infection with rabies, with a large number of unreported cases. The glass is always deadly. Attacks on the nervous system, especially the brain, eventually lead to paralysis and death. There are very effective vaccines, but they should be used before symptoms occur.

Rabies symptoms

The first, mostly uneven symptoms are headache and loss of appetite, sometimes fever. There is a pronounced fear of water, aggressive and depressed mood or paralysis. Left untreated, patients fall into the coma and die at the latest after seven days. The incubation period is very different – from 20 to 70 days. After a few days or a year later, rabies may be damaged.

Germany has been considered as free of rabies since 2008

Since 2001, a total of 6 rabies diseases have been reported to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). In recent years, a man died of a disease in 2007 after being bitten by a wild animal in Morocco. All patients were infected overseas.

Rabies are transmitted through saliva

Animals infected with rabies can infect humans, as well as other wild or domestic animals with their saliva. The rabies or spots virus is extremely flexible, so virtually no vaccine is safe.

However, the mere touch of escaped animals does not lead to transmission. Even if the saliva of the animal comes into contact with our skin, pathogens can penetrate only through minor injuries such as scratches or wear. Mostly the transfer is done with a bite.

The risk of infection in Africa and Asia is particularly high

The risk of rabies infection is much higher if you travel to Asia or Africa, especially dogs or cats. Some caution is always offered with the unusual trust of wild animals. Because it may be the best known form of the disease, the so-called white rabies. Animals often have foam in their mouth and behave inappropriately. The virus interferes with the function of the nerve cells in the brain. In addition, there is silent rabies that causes less obvious symptoms in animals, such as paralysis. Therefore, the rule is: Keep away and not feed any unknown animals.

What to do after a bite?

After contact with a visible animal, immunization must be carried out immediately. This also applies to vaccinated persons.

Vaccination against rabies

For preventive vaccination, you should vaccinate three times over a period of 28 days and refresh the vaccine after twelve months. Although it protects the preventive vaccine against rabies, it takes only about five years. Anyone who has been in contact with the animal with rabies or has been bite but has no protection against the vaccine must expect five or six vaccinations. In addition, antiserum (passive vaccination) is injected. Vaccination must be in the first hours after a bite.

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