Oral cancer is less commonly known as other types of tumor by the population, but its mortality rate is higher than that of some, because in 85% of cases it is detected in advanced stages, when the chances of treatment are minimal. A simple check done by a dentist and even self-examination for anomalies is effective tools to "catch on time" to the disease, which is mainly due to risk factors Cigarette, Alcohol and HPV infection Connected with oral sex without protection, but in which disinformation also plays its part.
"We want the population to know that oral cancer exists and that it is preventable", Says Javier Canzani, National Director of Oral Health to explain what every 5 December is commemorating the National Day of Action Against Oral Cancer, established by the Decree in 2016. In this framework, tomorrow there will be actions aimed to make it visible. In the Obelisk (Rock Sánens pena y Serrito), 9-16, free dental examinations will be made to detect stomatological pathologies, awareness will be made about prevention measures and brushes and toothpaste will be distributed in the trailer that will be installed by The University of Buenos Aires, co-organizer of the day. There will also be activities in the provinces of Salta, Santa Fe, Mendoza, Río Negro, Neuquén, Corrientes, La Pampa and San Juan.
Every year, 3,000 new cases of oral cancer are detected in Argentina. At the same time, it killed 800 and 1,000 people (roughly two per day). It represents 4% of incidence of all types of cancer and is the most common between head and neck (44% fall into the mouth, followed by largely, 33%, and the pharynx, 23%). It usually occurs after 40 years.
In the morning, 9 am-5pm, at Obelisco you will have access to free controls and information. (Archivo Clarín)
Beyond the genetic predisposition, in the development of oral cancer, habits and lifestyles play a central role. "Tobacco, alcohol and human papillomir virus (HPV) are its main factors, including the consumption of hot beverages, chronic trauma to soft tissue tissue in poor condition or wrong prosthesis, poor oral hygiene and excess sun exposure, Especially in lower lip", Lists Clarin Ricardo Sforza, coordinator of the National Oral Cancer Program (PRONACABU).
Avoiding the risk factors is key to primary prevention. But two conditions favor the secondary, that is, the early diagnosis: The oral has a special sensitivity (no alteration is usually observed) and is exposed to direct observation. "The best in nature that we can take to prevent the cancer, in addition to moving away from its risk factors, is to make periodic visits to the dentist, who is trained to recognize early changes that may lead to their training. To examine the oral mucosa in search of Changes in coloration, lumps, deformities and symptoms such as pain, burning, bleeding, roughness, and induration [endurecimiento o espesamiento de un tejido]"
The Pronakabu was launched in the middle of last year with the priority of reducing the number of cases and deaths. Also, in conjunction with the National Cancer Institute, a National Registry will assist in formulating a network of people trained in early recognition and informing about preventive measures to the population. "We have provided training to dentists from across the country – Assimilated or not public health – so everyone knows how to pretend precancer lesions and oral cancer, and can give patients the appropriate specialists, "says Canzani.
Cigarette and alcohol are the major risk factors. Poor oral hygiene also influences. (File Clarín)
"Most tumors in the mouth can be detected just by looking inside," says Marelela Rzepca Valsangiakoo, head of the Dental Service of the Institute of Oncology Angel Roffo, who emphasizes the importance of consulting with the specialist to access an early diagnosis " Properly associated with a better prognosis for the patient. " Laura Werner, head of the Stomatology Service of the German Hospital, agrees: "Detection in early stages clearly increases the possibility of control".
Without treatment, oral cancer progrests functionally and aesthetically compromising people. Once diagnosed, treatment alternatives include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and specific target medications.
✔ Africa White, red or brown spots that do not disappear in two weeks
✔ Oxygen or "pain" that do not heal in two weeks
✔ In Healing after a tooth extraction or bleeding without cause
✔ Draw oil, swelling, swelling
✔ Impact difficulty choosing or swallowing
✔ Uele, jaw or tongue pain
Habits that favor the appearance of oral cancer
✔ Outoutbuka consumption
✔ Consumption of alcohol
✔ Oxygen oral hygiene
✔ Prothese teeth or prosthetes that hurt the mouth
✔ emancipating mouth
✔ Without exposure without protection
✔ Drug viral infections: HPV
✔ During the dentist every 6 months
✔ Avoid habits that fit their appearance
✔ Drink rich in fruits and vegetables
✔ Oleil good health hygiene
✔ Keep the missing teeth