The industry employs today 107,900 workers registered less than three years ago. If there were 1.257,000 employees in September 2015, in the same month of the year it was 1,149,100, according to the data from the Ministry of Labor.
This fall in factory employment was disassociated throughout the years Low output as a result of the fall in investment and consumption Domestic, higher imports, raise interest rates and outsourcing activities.
According to Index, in 2016, the industry was 4.6% less, in 2017 it recovered 1.8% and this year, up to September, accumulates a discount of 2.1%. In the 33 months, it recorded 20 months of year-to-year falls. In the first 9 months, it annoys 5 negative year-to-year falls, the deepest in September. The month the industry worked at 61.1% of its production capacity, the second lowest in the past 33 months, which marks The high level of vacant capacity.
A less real fact is that the decline in formal industrial employment was recorded in 2017 during the period of recovery of plant activity. What happened, in large part, because of the strong increase in imports that disrupted domestic activities. Also for the technological changes. This year, with the rise in the dollar coupled with the recession, purchases of manufactured goods from abroad are declining, but in the industry the fall of activity due to lower consumption and investment, and the credit increase have been accentuated.
"The decline in the share of industrial employment is a phenomenon that is observed in most of the developed countries in recent decades, Productive relocation in low-wage countries and the process of automation and robotization. However, the speed and depth of the local destruction process allows us to confirm that we are a situation of crisis and business adjustment in the industrial sector, which is not explained by the phenomenon in the developed economies, "says an Observatory Report From employment, foreign trade and trade.
Another factor of bailing out formal employment is the process of Work outsourcing By the transfer of part of the production bonds to contractors and even the employment of workers as monotribistas, personnel of agencies or in contracts for "determined time". There is also an increase in informal employment at the expense of formal employment.
Pablo Dragon. Director of the UIA Learning Center, he relates Clarin That the case of manufacturing employment is due "to a dynamic that has come down for some sectors until 2017, with Import printing Which has been due since the middle of the year with the exchange rate jump and the sharp rise in interest rates, which brought with him a fall in demand and difficulties in financing the working capital. "
In addition, "The data of transition from employment in the province of Buenos Aires indicate that the conditions of the defense of the industrial workers are lost, a 16% happens to be unemployed, 19% pay for self-employment And the rest of the 22% go to trade, followed by other sectors such as construction or transport (7% each). The loss of industrial jobs implies a high probability that they will be established Downward career paths Instead of ascendors, by lower wages in average or by passing to informality or unemployment, "said Dragun.