Handavirus: How it is spread and what are the symptoms – 01/16/2019



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The detection of cases of people infected with Handavirus In the province of Buenos Aires and in the north and south of the country, he raised concern and interest in this disease. Which, if not treated in time, can become deadly.

What is Handavirus

Handavirus is a severe acute viral disease. Caused by the handa virus and transmitted through Rodents. People have been infected by "Inhalation of nourishment, urine or excreta of infected rodents", As explained by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

Meanwhile, according to the Medline Plus portal, Small drops of the virus can float in the air and humans can get the disease if they breathe in that infected air or come into contact with rodents or their droplets.

There are a few that groups some RNA viruses that are transmitted by infected rodents (Zoonoses).

In humans, they usually produce Two types of conditions:

1- type of viral hemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (FHSR);

2-handavirus pulmonary syndrome (SPHV), a very serious condition.

As handavirus is spread

By direct contact

Al Join Rodents Lively or dead infected, or the legs or urine of these rodents

By bites

Al Be bitten by infected rodents.

By inhalation

It is the most frequent cause From virus transmission. It occurs when we breathe in open or closed places (sheds, orchards, grasslands) where the infected or rodent's feet release the virus contaminating the environment.

The population of rodents must be controlled and reduced to prevent Handavirus.

The population of rodents must be controlled and reduced to prevent Handavirus.

These symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Muscle aches – especially in thighs, hips and back
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Difficulty breathing
Epuy é Hospital, in Chubut, is alert for the outbreak of Handavirus. (Photo: app)

Epuy é Hospital, in Chubut, is alert for the outbreak of Handavirus. (Photo: app)

That is the treatment

Paho says that There is no specific treatment for Handavirus. "Patients should receive a broad spectrum of antibiotics while confirming the ethical agent."

"Care during the initial stages of the disease should include antipyretics and analgesia As necessary and transfer to the intensive care unit in serious cases, "he explains.

How to prevent it

Paho and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, for his acronym in English) agree that The population of rodents must be controlled and reduced.

Chinstrokes to Prevent Handavirus, a Postcard Repeated in Epi é. (Photo: Marcelo Martínez)

Chinstrokes to Prevent Handavirus, a Postcard Repeated in Epi é. (Photo: Marcelo Martínez)

"Rodent populations near human communities should be controlled and rodents should be removed from the house, people should avoid contact with urine, foot, nourishment and rodent nests, and measures should be taken when cleaning is infested with rodents," explain the CDC.

"The sooner it is detected and the sooner the treatment is obtained, the greater the chances of survival" Said dr. Wiki from the US There. Department of Public Health.

Origin of Handavirus

The name of the Handavirus garden comes from the Handan River, north of the cities of Dongduchenon and Paju, in South Korea, which originally protected the prototypical community: Hantaan virus.

Already in the 1930s, the outbreak of what was thought for his Fsr was reported in Europe and Asia. But it was in 1978 when the handa virus was isolated, and It was confirmed that some rodents served as virus reservoirs.

The Seoul, Dobrava and Pvmala viruses are very similar to handy, and are widely spread throughout the Eurasian territory and also cause PHSR.

Sources: CNN, Mayo Clinic, Ministry of Health of the Nation, La Vanguardia and Medline Plus

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