The first baby in the world was conceived by a sterile woman thanks to a Transplanted uterus from a deceased donor Born in Brazil a year ago, the scientific journal on Wednesday The Lancet.
Seven months after birth, the baby (a girl) She was fine, weighed 7.2 kilos and was still breastfed by her mother, Also in good health, according to the University Hospital of San Pablo, which carry out the transplant in 2016.
After a dozen unsuccessful attempts in the United States, the Czech Republic and Turkey, Is the first time that a transplant of uterus from a deceased donor allows a birth to be carried out.
And it is also the first birth thanks to an uterus transplant in Latin America.
Since the first donation of an uterus of a woman with life, in 2013 in Sweden, 39 transplants of this type are carried out, of which Elf permitted to give birth to the patient.
The medical team in the hospital de Clinicas de San Pablo keeps the first baby born of a transplanted uterus of a deceased woman (Reuters).
"Use deceased donors Can greatly enhance access to this treatment"By the" women who suffered a sterility of uterine origin, "said Dani Edgenberg, who conducted the experience at the University of San Pablo, cited by The Lancet.
So far, "the only pregnancy that was after a removed uterine transplant post mortem Was in 2011 in Turkey "and found a miscarriage, according to Dr. Srddin Sasa, of the embroidered department of Emperor College London.
This successful experience gives "some advantages over a wink of a lively donor: the potential number of donors is greater, it is cheaper and Avoid the risks for the living donor"
For Professor Andrew Shennan, Abstraction at Kings College London, the operation "opens the way to donation post mortem, As is the case for other organs ", which" would allow women who can not get a baby due to defective uterus to carry out a pregnancy " Without "relying on living donors" Nor "resort to adaptation or a ceramic mother".
The operation was completed in September 2016. The mother who received the uterus was 32 years old and was born without the organ (Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome). Before the transplant, he was in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The organ came from a 45-year-old woman who died of a swab and donor from several organs (heart, liver, kidneys) of factor "0RH positive".
The operation took place about ten and a half hours and was followed by an immunosuppressive treatment to prevent the regeneration of the organ from the patients.
Five months after the transplant, The woman had the first standard rules. And two months later, with the transfer of the embryo, the pregnancy started.
This was developed without difficulty and the baby was born in Cesarean at 36 weeks of gestation, on December 15, 2017, a little earlier but considered appropriate for doctors to avoid complications.
The baby was 2.55 kilograms at birth and was in perfect health. The uterus was removed during Cesarean section to stop the immunosuppressive treatment, Very difficult for the patient. The boy and the mother left the hospital after three days.
The authors of this article in The Lancet Stretched that the transplant of the uterus post mortem Can open new possibilities, because in many countries there is a regulation on the type of donations.