A cotton bud, born from a seed taken to the dark side of the moon by a Chinese mission, was the first plant to be born into a heavenly body that was not grounded, reported by the Chinese space agency (SSAA). First image of the outbreak.
The Asian country took an important step through the Chang & # 39; E-4 mission: a video showing the outbreak approved in a mini-greenhouse next to the seeds of potato, canola, and arabidopsis, a flower plant, yeast, and fruit fly Melanogasters).
The experiment was carried out in an airtight container maintaining the temperature between 1 and 30 degrees Centigrad; That is, well above the normal conditions of the satellite that vary between -123 degrees Celsius and 153 degrees.
The objective of the experiment, designed by 28 Chinese universities, is to recreate a small Beosphere, an artificial and autonomous ecosystem, to test the possibility of growing fruits and vegetables on other planets for the maintenance of basketball manhood colonies.
In fact, the intention is to use cotton to make clothing, while potatoes could be a source of food for astronauts and canola used to make oil.
The seeds, Chinese news agencies reported, are subjected to a biological treatment to remain dormant during the 20 days of travel from Earth to the Moon.
Its growth began when the control center on earth sent an order to water the small greenhouse.
For a team of scientists from Chongqing University, this crop is the first successful mini-experiment "mini-experiment" on the satellite. At the site dedicated to germination there is water, nutrients and natural light of the Earth's natural satellite, Xinhua said.
For its part, the South China Morning Mail, from Hong Kong, reported today that the container where the seed germinated is an aluminum cylinder 18 cm high and 16 in diameter, weighs 3 kilos and costs more than US $ 1, 47 million.
"Learning about the growth of plants in a low-gravity environment will allow us to lay the foundations for the future establishment of a space base," said the professor. Xie GengxinWho designed this project, cited by the agency Ansa. Anyway, the conditions are not perfect for crops since the temperatures on the moon can exceed 100 degrees Celsius during the day and drop to 100 under zero at night.
In addition, the satellite obtains more solar radiation and has a lower severity: one sixth of which is on Earth. The Chang & E4 test-transported cotton, rapeseed, potato and Arabidopsy seeds in a sealed container, as well as fruit eggs and some yeast, form a simple mini-family, according to a team led by the university's scientists. From California. Chongqing the plants would generate oxygen and food to "consume" other living beings.
Consumers and yeasts, such as decomposers, would produce carbon dioxide, which would produce carbon dioxide by consuming oxygen for photosynthesis of plants. In addition, yeasts can break down plant residues and doxophila melanogesters and grow, and can also serve as food for doophila melanogesters. (Télil-Europa Press)