A diet to feed the world The offer of …



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The British Medical Journal The Lancet This proposal is published for a new diet, designed by several thirty scientists from 16 countries. They named it "the planetary health diet" and proposed a change in eating habits in order to preserve life on the planet. The most excellent point is the almost complete suppression of meat in the diet, in a world that in thirty years would reach 10 billion inhabitants.

The diet states that if a person eats meat every day, they should limit their intake to no more than one hamburger per week or one barbecue per month. Scientists say plants are the source of proteins to consume. Therefore, it is recommended to eat nuts and legumes every day. And fruits and vegetables should make up half the daily diet.

According to the research published in The LancetIn this way, it would avoid the deaths of eleven million people a year, telling the reduction of illness due to unhealthy diet, heart attacks, strokes and various forms of cancer.

For researchers, dieting, which can serve more people, goes hand in hand with the reduction of gas emissions, which prevents the extinction of species and water is preserved. Although that alone is not enough: they suggest reducing food waste by half and increasing the production of agricultural food.

According to scientists, the daily diet should be as follows

Walnuts: 50 grams.

Chickpeas, lentils and other legumes: 75 grams.

Fish: 28 grams.

Eggs: 13 grams (one per week).

Meat: 14 grams of red meat and 29 grams of chicken.

Carbohydrates: 232 grams of whole grains (such as bread and rice) and 50 grams of vegetables rich in starch.

Dairy products: 250 grams (the equivalent of milk milk).

Vegetables: 300 grams.

Fruits: 200 grams.

Sugar: 31 grams.

Oil: 50 grams.

For Walter Will, from Harvard University, there would be no problem getting used to the taste. On the diet proposed by his colleagues, he said "it is a huge variety" and that they can be combined "in thousands of different ways," while remarking that "We are not talking about a diet of deprivation", But from "a healthy, flexible and pleasant diet".

What changes should be made so that the "planetary healthy diet" can be implemented? America and Europe should massively reduce red meat; Southeast Asia would have to do without fish; And Africa has to do the same with vegetables with starch.

"Humanity has never tried to change the food system at this scale and speed," said Line Gordon, a professor at the Stockholm Resilience Center, where the diet project was coordinated. "Whether it's fancy or not, fantasy doesn't have to be bad, it's time to dream of a better world," he said, about the beginning that together 37 scientists.

Among those who have participated there are experts in agriculture, nutrition and climate change. His research work took two years. The feeling of the recommended diet is nothing less than life saving. The world reached 7 billion people in 2011 and today it is estimated that there are 7700 million. By 2050 the figure would be about 10 billion, with the result that feeding that amount becomes a problem for the first order.

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