Energy drinks are technically not "food". This does not mean that they would be wasted – this is just a fact and important in doing so.
The Food & Drug Administration regulates all products that are defined as food in order to be safe for human consumption. Coffee drinks and soda, for example, should not be too high in caffeine so as not to cause heart problems. But energy drinks are classified as additives, which means that they are unregulated – and manufacturers can buy as much caffeine as possible within a single console as they want. They can even mix caffeine with other stimulants in such a way that they can cause problems with the cardiovascular or nervous system.
That's why doctors have tried to explore what could affect the health of these caffeinated cocktails. A new study that shows that a single drink can reduce blood vessel function creates headlines, but similar findings have been rising for several years. The latest results are presented at the annual meeting of the American Heart Association. In 2015, researchers at the Mayo Clinic presented a study in AHA's scientific sessions, which showed that one drink increased blood pressure and the level of beverage cortisol (a measure of stress).
A lot of worries about these drinks derive from their high concentration of stimulants. Only caffeine can be cautiously administered (although it needs 5 to 10 grams of things, which would have more coffee than it could have in the stomach), and in combination with guarana, they could have additional stimulus smaller amounts.
However, it is likely to rely mainly on the basics. The World Health Organization has published a meta-analysis of energy drinks studies, in which it noted that "health risks associated with the consumption of energy drinks are primarily related to the caffeine content." Excessive dosage of caffeine does not necessarily mean death, but it may cause palpitations of the heart, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, metabolic acidosis and hypertension. And that you can I'll kill you. The WHO study also reports that adults who consume energy drinks can increase the risk of hypertension and type 2 diabetes (caffeine reduces insulin sensitivity).
Now you can wonder why we do not see all these risks associated with coffee consumption. Depending on the type, coffee drinks can absolutely have as much caffeine as some energy drinks, although some energy drinks contain repeatedly caffeine as a cup of jesse. (In the context, it contains a 8-oz glass jar containing 100 mg of caffeine, which can contain Monster 92, Red Bull and Rockstar are both 80's. But Monster X-presso contains 221 mg, according to Consumer Reports, and Rockstar Energy Shot contains 229. Redline Energy watches in 316 mg caffeine in one bottle.) The problem identified by the World Health Organization has more to do with the speed at which you have a drink: "Although some types of coffee may have a caffeine concentration comparable to energy drinks, coffee is usually consumed hot and consequently slower. "You probably do not mix your morning coffee, even if it's frozen latte, but you can greatly reduce the total amount of chilled energy to drink in a matter of minutes. This sudden increase in caffeine can trigger a heart attack, although the total dose is equally strong in a cup of cold wort. (Of course, if you usually mix cold beer or drink a drink every morning, the same risks are fully included.)
Here in the United States, we do not track unwanted events that are specifically related to energy drinks – they are all related to caffeine events. But some countries. The German tracking system shows that since 2002 energy drinks have caused "damage to the liver, renal failure, respiratory disturbances, agitation, seizures, psychotic conditions, rhabdomyolysis, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, heart failure and death." each also found approximately 15-20 serious complications in the consumption of energy drinks over a period of approximately four to six years (Ireland from 1999-2005, New Zealand from 2005-2009).
For these reasons, several countries have tried to exclude energy drinks completely. France even managed to ban them, but companies submitted a petition to the European Commission and claimed that there was no proof that their beverages were actively dangerous. The ban was canceled shortly thereafter. Some German countries successfully implemented the Red Bull Cola ban after a study in 2008 that they found small quantities of cocaine in the beverage. Red Bull claimed that all active cocaine was removed from the coke factory they used in their drinks, but they were banned from Germany. Australia, Denmark, Uruguay and Turkey have in some ways prohibited high-end beverages.
But in countries like the US, energy drinks are sold everywhere and are actively marketed for children and teenagers. Review of the year 2011 on health effects in the magazine Pediatrics pointed out that young people may be particularly vulnerable because safe levels of consumption have not been identified and can have undistorted heart problems or metabolism that can worsen energy drinks without mentioning the fact that they contain tons of sugar.
Despite the recommendation of the World Health Organization that the caffeine content is limited to beverages, energy drinks in the United States are still completely unregulated and remain so if they are not reallocated as food. At that time, you should probably stop drinking. They may not be dangerous in small quantities, but nothing about them is healthy. Switch to coffee or tea that will mix you up in the morning and it will be a lot harder to overdo it. Or I could go on and work on killing your caffeine habit for good.
This post was updated to include more information on the levels of caffeine in various energy drinks.